Agalinis purpurea

(Linnaeus) Pennell
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 126. 1913.
Common names: Purple false foxglove gérardie pourpre
Endemic
Basionym: Gerardia purpurea Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 610. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 551. Mentioned on page 535, 536, 542, 549, 552.

Stems simple or branched, 7–120 cm; branches ascending, spreading, or arching, quadrangular-ridged to winged distally, glabrate or scabridulous to sparsely scabrous, especially on angles or also on faces near nodes. Leaves spreading to ascending; blade narrowly linear to linear or linear-lanceolate, 7.5–50 x 0.5–4(–5) mm, not fleshy, margins entire, abaxial midvein sometimes scabrous, adaxial surface scabrous; axillary fascicles absent or shorter than subtending leaves. Inflorescences racemes, short to elongate, flowers 1 or 2 per node; bracts longer than pedicels. Pedicels spreading-ascending, 1–5(–6) mm, glabrous, rarely scabrous. Flowers: calyx tubular-campanulate to hemispheric, tube (2–)3–5 mm, glabrous, rarely scabrous on major veins, lobes triangular, lanceolate, or triangular-subulate, not keeled, 0.8–3(–5) mm; corolla pink to rosy pink, with 2 yellow lines and red spots in abaxial throat or these pale or absent, 9–36 mm, throat pilose externally and villous within across bases and sinus of adaxial lobes, lobes: abaxial spreading to reflexed or projected to somewhat spreading (small-flowered plants), adaxial erect to reflexed, 2.5–11 mm, pilose externally; proximal anthers parallel to filaments, distal oblique or perpendicular to filaments (parallel in small-flowered plants), pollen sacs 0.9–4.5 mm; style included or exserted, 6.5–21 mm. Capsules globular, 4–6(–7) mm. Seeds dark brown, 0.7–1.4 mm. 2n = 28.

Distribution

Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., D.C., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Mass., Md., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.C., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Nebr., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., Vt., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Varieties 2 (2 in the flora).

Reports of Agalinis purpurea from the West Indies have not been confirmed.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Corollas 18–36 mm, lobes (4–)5–11 mm; styles strongly exserted; distal anthers perpendicular to filaments; stems 40–120 cm, branches ascending, spreading, or arching. Agalinis purpurea var. purpurea
1 Corollas 9–20 mm, lobes 2.5–5(–6) mm; styles included or slightly exserted; distal anthers oblique or parallel to filaments; stems 7–60 cm, simple or branches ascending. Agalinis purpurea var. parviflora
... more about "Agalinis purpurea"
Judith M. Canne-Hilliker† +  and John F. Hays +
(Linnaeus) Pennell +
Gerardia purpurea +
Purple false foxglove +  and gérardie pourpre +
Man. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, D.C. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Md. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.C. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Nebr. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Vt. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club +
Tomanthera +
Agalinis purpurea +
Agalinis +
species +