Alnus viridis subsp. crispa

(Aiton) Turrill

Bot. Mag. 173: 382. 1962

Common names: Green alder mountain alder aulne vert aulne crispé
EndemicSelected by author to be illustrated
Synonyms: Alnus alnobetula var. crispa (Aiton) WinklerAlnus crispa var. elongata RaupAlnus crispa var. harricanensis LepageAlnus crispa var. mollis (Fernald) FernaldAlnus crispa var. stragula FernaldAlnus mitchelliana unknownAlnus mollis unknownAlnus viridis var. crispa (Michaux) House
Basionyms: Betula crispa Aiton
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
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Shrubs, spreading or rather compact, to 3(–4) m. Bark grayish brown; lenticels pale. Leaf blade dark green, broadly to narrowly ovate or elliptic, 3.5–6(–10) × 3–5(–7) cm, leathery, base rounded, obtuse, or cuneate, sometimes nearly cordate, margins serrulate or finely serrate, apex obtuse to acute; surfaces abaxially glabrous to velutinous or occasionally tomentose, moderately to heavily resin-coated. Inflorescences: staminate catkins 2.5–9 cm. Infructescences 1.2–2 × 0.5–1.2 cm; peduncles 1–5 cm. 2n = 28.

Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Singly or in thickets along streams, lakeshores, coasts, and bog or muskeg margins, or on sandy or gravelly slopes or flats
Elevation: 0–2000 m

Distribution

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St. Pierre and Miquelon, Greenland, Alta., Man., N.B., Nfld., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Pa., Tenn., Vt., Wis.

Discussion

Alnus viridis subsp. crispa grows across much of the continent in the far North; widely disjunct populations occur in the Appalachians in Pennsylvania and on the summit of Roan Mountain on the North Carolina–Tennessee border (R. B. Clarkson 1960; E. T. Wherry 1960).

The Cree used Alnus viridis subsp. crispa medicinally for the astringent qualities of the bark and to treat dropsy (D. E. Moerman 1986).

References

None.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.