Alopecurus myosuroides

Common names: Blackgrass Slender meadow foxtail
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 24. Treatment on page 786.
Please click on the illustration for a higher resolution version.
Illustrator: Cindy Roché

Copyright: Utah State University

Plants annual; tufted. Culms (10)40-85 cm, erect. Ligules 2-6 mm, obtuse; blades (2) 3.5-6 mm wide; upper sheaths somewhat inflated. Panicles 4-12 cm long, 3-7 mm wide. Glumes 4.5-7.5 mm, connate in the lower 1/2, coriaceous, sides glabrous, keels winged, ciliate, scabrous distally, lateral veins ciliate or glabrous proximally, apices acute, convergent to parallel; lemmas 4-7 mm, connate in the lower 1/3-1/2, glabrous, apices acute, awns to 12 mm, geniculate, exceeding the lemmas by 3-6 mm; anthers 2.4-4.1 mm, yellow. 2n = 14, 28.


Wash., Del., D.C, W.Va., N.J., N.Mex., Tex., La., N.C., S.C., Pa., N.Y., Va., Calif., Ala., Oreg., Maine, Md., Mass., Ohio, Man., Mich., R.I., Kans., Miss., Ky.


Alopecurus myosuroides is native to Eurasia, and grows in moist meadows, deciduous forests, and cultivated or disturbed ground. A significant weed species in temperate cereal crops, it is one of the most damaging weeds of winter cereals in England. It has been introduced repeatedly as a weed of cultivation into many parts of the Flora region, but apparently has not spread to a large degree outside of cultivation. Alopecurus myosuroides has been listed as a noxious weed in the state of Washington, one of the states where winter wheat is a major crop.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


AuthorWilliam J. Crins +
AuthorityHuds. +
Common nameBlackgrass + and Slender meadow foxtail +
DistributionWash. +, Del. +, D.C +, W.Va. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, Tex. +, La. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Pa. +, N.Y. +, Va. +, Calif. +, Ala. +, Oreg. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Ohio +, Man. +, Mich. +, R.I. +, Kans. +, Miss. + and Ky. +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightUtah State University +
IllustratorCindy Roché +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V24/V24 1121.xml +
SynonymsGramineae +
Taxon familyPoaceae +
Taxon nameAlopecurus myosuroides +
Taxon parentAlopecurus +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 24 +