Amphiscirpus nevadensis

(S. Watson) Oteng-Yeboah
Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 308. 1974.
Illustrated
Basionym: Scirpus nevadensis S. Watson Botany (Fortieth Parallel), 360. 1871
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 28. Mentioned on page 26.

Rhizomes 1–4 mm diam., tough, hard. Culms ridged, 10–70 cm × 0.5–2 mm, hard, without evident internal air cavities. Leaves 5–10; sheaths loose, the proximal often disintegrating to prominent fibers, often stramineous or brownish, papery, fronts membranous-hyaline with delicate veins, summit slightly concave with V-shaped veinless area and often disintegrating; blades 0.5–1 times as long as culms, hard, without evident internal air cavities; distal blades 3–30 cm × 0.5–2 mm, longer than sheaths, margins sparsely antrorsely spinulose or papillose, apex sharply acute. Inflorescences: proximal involucral bract 1–15 cm, resembling foliage leaf blade. Spikelets ovoid to lanceoloid or terete, 5–20 × 3–5 mm; scales pale to dark red-brown, midribs usually stramineous, smooth; proximal 1 or 2 scales often resembling involucral bracts, with awnlike blades, to 15 mm; other scales in proximal part of spikelet prominently 9-veined, ovate, 4 × 3 mm, papery to often cartilaginous, margins hyaline, ciliolate, apex entire, acute to rounded. Flowers: perianth bristles pale brown, unequal. Achenes greenish to orange-brown, broadly obovoid, 2–2.3 × 1.5–1.7 mm.


Phenology: Fruiting summer.
Habitat: Sunny, saline, often alkaline, seasonally wet places
Elevation: 400–2400 m

Distribution

V23 36-distribution-map.jpg

Alta., B.C., Sask., Calif., Colo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.Dak., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo., South America (Argentina, Chile).

Discussion

Amphiscirpus nevadensis superficially resembles some dwarfed forms of Schoenoplectus pungens, with which it sometimes grows; S. pungens is readily distinguished by its trigonous culms and leaf blades, prominently 2-fid, awned scales, and beaked achenes. Amphiscirpus nevadensis differs from all North American species of Schoenoplectus in its wiry culms and leaves, prominently ciliate ligules, absence of evident internal aerenchyma, and beakless achenes. It has been reported from Delta, Manitoba.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Amphiscirpus nevadensis"
S. Galen Smith +
(S. Watson) Oteng-Yeboah +
Scirpus nevadensis +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Sask. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.Dak. +, Oreg. +, Utah +, Wash. +, Wyo. +, South America (Argentina +  and Chile). +
400–2400 m +
Sunny, saline, often alkaline, seasonally wet places +
Fruiting summer. +
Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh +
Illustrated +
Amphiscirpus nevadensis +
Amphiscirpus +
species +