Aquilegia vulgaris


Sp. Pl. 1: 533. 1753

Common names: Ancolie vulgaire
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Stems 30-72 cm. Basal leaves 2×-ternately compound, 10-30 cm, much shorter than stems; leaflets green adaxially, to 15-47 mm, not viscid; primary petiolules 22-60 mm (leaflets not crowded), pilose or rarely glabrous. Flowers nodding; sepals divergent from or perpendicular to floral axis, mostly blue or purple, lance-ovate, (10-)15-25 × 8-12 mm, apex broadly acute or obtuse; petals: spurs mostly blue or purple, hooked, 14-22 mm, stout, evenly tapered from base, blades mostly blue or purple, oblong, 10-13 × 6-10 mm; stamens 9-13 mm. Follicles 15-25 mm; beak 7-15 mm. 2n = 14 (Europe).

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (May–Jul).
Habitat: Disturbed habitats
Elevation: 0-1500 m


V3 242-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Conn., Ill., Iowa, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Vt., Wash., W.Va., native to Europe.


Aquilegia vulgaris is cultivated as an ornamental and occasionally escapes into disturbed habitats. Most plants have blue or purple flowers (the wild type), but horticultural races with white or reddish flowers sometimes become established. Many cultivated columbines are derived from hybrids between A. vulgaris and related species. Some of our escaped plants are probably descended from such hybrids.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


Facts about "Aquilegia vulgaris"
AuthorAlan T. Whittemore +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameAncolie vulgaire +
DistributionB.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Vt. +, Wash. +, W.Va. + and native to Europe. +
Elevation0-1500 m +
HabitatDisturbed habitats +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
Introducedtrue +
PhenologyFlowering spring–summer (May–Jul). +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V3/V3 242.xml +
Special statusWeedy + and Introduced +
Taxon familyRanunculaceae +
Taxon nameAquilegia vulgaris +
Taxon parentAquilegia +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 3 +