Ardisia elliptica

Thunberg

Nov. Gen. Pl., 119. 1798 ,

Common names: Shoebutton ardisia
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 320. Mentioned on page 302, 319.
Shrubs, not stoloniferous, 1–2 m; branchlets conspicuously black punctate-lineate, glabrous. Leaves: petiole 5–10 mm, glabrous; blade oblanceolate or obovate, 6–12(–16) × 3–5(–7) cm, margins entire, revolute, (without vascularized nodules), apex obtuse or acute, surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences lateral or subterminal, on basally thickened lateral branches, subumbels or umbels, 5+-flowered. Pedicels erect, ca. 1–2 cm, glabrous. Flowers: sepals 5, broadly ovate, ca. 1 mm, margins subentire, (minutely ciliate), apex rounded, densely black-punctate, glabrous; petals 5, pink or white, broadly ovate, 6–8 mm, margins entire, (hyaline, scarious), apex long-acuminate, densely punctate, glabrous; stamens subequaling petals; anthers linear-lanceolate, transversely septate-lobed, apex apiculate, punctate abaxially; ovary pellucid-punctate, glabrous; ovules 5+, multiseriate. Drupes red or purplish black, subglobose, ca. 8 mm diam., minutely punctate. 2n = 48.

Phenology: Flowering Feb–Apr; fruiting Sep–Nov.
Habitat: Roadsides, scrub, near villages, edges of fields, along coasts
Elevation: 0-20 m

Discussion

The names Ardisia solanacea Roxburgh and A. polycephala Wight have been misapplied to specimens of A. elliptica, which escapes from cultivation and is invasive.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.