Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. 7: 398. 1841
w North America, nw Mexico.
Subspecies 4 (4 in the flora).
Artemisia tridentata has undergone considerable taxonomic revision in the past century and circumscription of subspecies remains a topic of considerable controversy. Workers in the field should be aware of the morphologic variation within the subspecies across the range of the species (i.e., approximately from the Sierra Nevada in the west to the plains of the Rocky Mountains in the east). Because rangeland managers and conservationists can often identify local morphologic and chemical races based on grazing or habitat preferences of wildlife and domestic animals, some impetus exists to further subdivide the subspecies within A. tridentata at the varietal level. This treatment of the species complex remains conservative in light of the need for further study. As to chemical differences among the subspecies, aroma is often used to distinguish subspecies in the field. Volatile resins in the plants are strongly aromatic and, when crushed, leaves have very distinctive (although not easily described) aromas.
|1||Shrubs 100–200(–300) cm (leaf blades: lengths usually 3+ times widths); heads in relatively broad, paniculiform arrays||> 2|
|1||Shrubs 30–150 cm (leaf blades: lengths usually less than 3 times widths); heads in relatively narrow, paniculiform arrays||> 3|
|2||Involucres 1.5–2.5 × 1–2 mm; deep, well drained (usually sandy) soils in valley bottoms, lower montane slopes along drainages||Artemisia tridentata subsp. tridentata|
|2||Involucres 2–4 × 1–2 mm; loose, sandy soils of valleys and foothills||Artemisia tridentata subsp. parishii|
|3||Shrubs, 60–80(–150) cm (crowns flat-topped); heads in arrays 10–15 cm; involucres 2–3 × 1.5–3 mm; mountains||Artemisia tridentata subsp. vaseyana|
|3||Shrubs, 30–50(–150) cm (crowns rounded); heads in arrays 2–6(–8) cm; involucres (1–)1.5–2 × 1.5–2 mm; usually cold-desert basins and high plateaus, sometimes foothills||Artemisia tridentata subsp. wyomingensis|
|Author||Leila M. Shultz +|
|Distribution||w North America + and nw Mexico. +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Linda Ann Vorobik +|
|Publication title||Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. +|
|Publication year||1841 +|
|Reference||arthur1984a + and arthur1988a +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V19-20-21/V19 876.xml +|
|Synonyms||Seriphidium tridentatum +|
|Taxon family||Asteraceae +|
|Taxon name||Artemisia tridentata +|
|Taxon parent||Artemisia subg. Tridentatae +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 19 +|