Sp. Pl. 2: 983. 1753
Phenology: Flowering late spring.
Habitat: Rich, moist, cool forests, especially on protected slopes, to rockier, more exposed sites
Elevation: 0–1500 m
Ont., Ala., Conn., Ga., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va.
Betula lenta is a dominant tree in the northern hardwood forests of the northern Appalachians and a valuable source of timber. It was formerly the chief commercial source of wintergreen oil (methyl salicylate), which is distilled from its wood. Betula lenta is most easily separated from B. alleghaniensis by its close bark and the glabrous scales of infructescences.
Native Americans used Betula lenta medicinally to treat dysentery, colds, diarrhea, fevers, soreness, and milky urine, and as a spring tonic.
|Author||John J. Furlow +|
|Common name||Sweet birch + and cherry birch +|
|Distribution||Ont. +, Ala. +, Conn. +, Ga. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Miss. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. + and W.Va. +|
|Elevation||0–1500 m +|
|Habitat||Rich, moist, cool forests, especially on protected slopes, to rockier, more exposed sites +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Phenology||Flowering late spring. +|
|Publication title||Sp. Pl. +|
|Publication year||1753 +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 345.xml +|
|Special status||Endemic +|
|Taxon family||Betulaceae +|
|Taxon name||Betula lenta +|
|Taxon parent||Betula +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 3 +|