Cakile edentula

(Bigelow) Hooker
Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 59. 1830.
IllustratedEndemic
Basionym: Bunias edentula Bigelow Fl. Boston., 157. 1814
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 427. Mentioned on page 425, 428.

Annuals or, rarely, perennials, (compact, rarely sprawling). Stems erect, or, rarely, prostrate, (much-branched), to 8 dm. Cauline leaves: blade ovate to spatulate, or (distal) oblanceolate (less lobed), (smaller distally), margins crenate, dentate, or sinuate (not pinnatifid). Racemes 1–2 dm, (congested); rachis straight. Fruiting pedicels 1.8–8 mm. Flowers: sepals 3.5–5 mm, lateral pair not saccate basally; petals white to pale lavender, (well-developed or reduced to bristles), 4.6–9.7 × 1.5–3 mm, claw not distinct. Fruits (4-angled or 8-ribbed), cylindrical, 12–29 × 3–9 mm; proximal segment terete, (5–10 mm); terminal segment fusiform to turbinate, (7–15 mm), (beak flattened), apex acute, blunt, or retuse. Seeds: cotyledons accumbent to, sometimes, incumbent.

Distribution

V7 636-distribution-map.gif

B.C., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Alaska, Calif., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Maine, Mass., Md., Mich., N.C., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Va., Wash., Wis., introduced in e Asia (Japan), Australia.

Discussion

Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora).

Elements of Cakile edentula are native in North America; the typical variety is introduced on the Pacific Coast and probably on beaches of the Great Lakes Region.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Fruits 4-angled, terminal segment apex usually acute or blunt, rarely retuse. Cakile edentula subsp. edentula
1 Fruits 8-ribbed, terminal segment apex blunt or retuse. Cakile edentula subsp. harperi
... more about "Cakile edentula"
James E. Rodman +
(Bigelow) Hooker +
Bunias edentula +
B.C. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Md. +, Mich. +, N.C. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Va. +, Wash. +, Wis. +, introduced in e Asia (Japan) +  and Australia. +
Fl. Bor.-Amer. +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
Cruciferae +
Cakile edentula +
species +