Carex chapmanii

Steudel

Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 222. 1855. 1855

IllustratedEndemic
Basionyms: Carex fusiformis Chapman ex Dewey Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2, 6: 244. 1848,
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 435. Mentioned on page 433, 434.

Culms loosely tufted or solitary, ascending or lax, 10–32 cm × 0.8–1.6 mm. Leaves: basal sheaths light brown to brown; sheaths green or yellow-green, 2–26 mm; blades ascending, green or yellow-green, midrib well developed abaxially, 2 lateral veins well developed adaxially, flat, 18–44 cm × 12–14 mm, blades of owerwintering leaves smooth. Inflorescences: peduncles of proximal spike to 6 cm, longer lateral ones 4.6–14 times as long as spikes they subtend, arising in proximal 1/3 of culm, distal lateral spikes not exserted; peduncle of terminal spike 0–2.8 cm; bracts 8–21 × 1–4 mm, blade of distal lateral spike linear, narrower than spikes, widest bract blade of distalmost lateral spike 0.5–3.4 mm wide. Spikes 3(–4) per culm; lateral spikes 7–20 × 2.5–4.5 mm; terminal spike 11–35 × 1.8–3 mm. Pistillate scales 2–2.5 × 0.8–1.2 mm, apex acute or mucronate. Staminate scales 3.2–4.2 × 1–1.2 mm, margins hyaline or brown tinged, apex acute. Anthers 3.5–4 mm. Perigynia 6–18 per spike, closely to loosely overlapping, ratio of longer lateral spike length to perigynia number 0.8–2.4, aggregated, spreading, finely, conspicuously (22–)25–32-veined, narrowly elongate, 3–5.2 × 1.2–1.6 mm; beak excurved, 0.4–1.7 mm. Achenes elongate-obovoid, 2.2–3 × 1.2–1.6 mm.


Phenology: Fruiting spring.
Habitat: Wet, sandy, acidic soils, sometimes over limestone, under deciduous or mixed deciduous-evergreen forests, hammocks
Elevation: 0–50 m

Discussion

Historically, Carex chapmanii was placed in sect. Paniceae. It lacks papillae on the perigynia and abaxial leaf surfaces. Carex chapmanii and C. styloflexa may be conspecific; there is much variability in the rhizome length and density of culm tufts in both taxa. Additional research is needed to resolve the relationship between C. chapmanii and C. styloflexa.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Carex chapmanii"
Charles T. Bryson +  and Robert F. C. Naczi +
Steudel +
Carex fusiformis +
Fla. +, Ga. +, N.C. +  and S.C. +
0–50 m +
Wet, sandy, acidic soils, sometimes over limestone, under deciduous or mixed deciduous-evergreen forests, hammocks +
Fruiting spring. +
Syn. Pl. Glumac. +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
Carex chapmanii +
Carex sect. Laxiflorae +
species +