Carex collinsii

Nuttall
Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 205. 1818.
IllustratedEndemic
Basionym: Carex michauxii Dewey 1826 Carex subulata Michaux 1803
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 23. Treatment on page 517. Mentioned on page 516.

Culms trigonous with obtuse angles, 15–75 cm, to 3 mm diam. at base, glabrous. Leaves: sheaths to 2.5 cm; blades 30–35 cm × 5 mm. Inflorescences 10–30 cm; peduncles of proximal spikes to 4 cm; bracts 8–15 cm × 3–5 mm, shorter than inflorescences; lateral spikes 4–5, 6–10-flowered, 1 × 2.5 cm. Scales white or translucent with green midvein, ovate, body to 2.5 mm, less than 0.5 length of perigynia, herbaceous, apex acute, acuminate or mucronate, awn to 0.5 mm. Perigynia green with red-brown spots, 15–20 raised veins, to 15 × 1.2 mm; beak obliquely cut, herbaceous, teeth cartilaginous, to 1 mm; style curved, short stigmas protruding from perigynium at base of oblique orifice. Achenes yellow-brown, oblong, obtusely angled, 3 × 1 mm, tightly enclosed by perigynia, dull.


Phenology: Fruiting Jul–Aug.
Habitat: Shaded sphagnum bogs or seeps, characteristically under Chamaecyparis thyoides or Picea mariana
Elevation: 0–700 m

Distribution

V23 966-distribution-map.jpg

Conn., Del., Ga., Md., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., R.I., S.C., Va.

Discussion

Nuttall did not designate a type specimen for Carex collinsii; he clearly did not intend that name to provide a legitimate name for the later homonym C. subulata Michaux, but listed both of the names. As K. K. Mackenzie (1931–1935, parts 2–3, pp. 704–705) pointed out, the locality of the type specimen for C. subulata Michaux is apparently erroneous because that species does not occur in Canada. The specimen in the Michaux herbarium (P, photo!) is C. collinsii.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Carex collinsii"
Lisa A. Standley +
Nuttall +
Carex michauxii +  and Carex subulata +
Conn. +, Del. +, Ga. +, Md. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +  and Va. +
0–700 m +
Shaded sphagnum bogs or seeps, characteristically under Chamaecyparis thyoides or Picea mariana +
Fruiting Jul–Aug. +
Gen. N. Amer. Pl. +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
Carex collinsii +
Carex sect. Collinsiae +
species +