Cliftonia monophylla

(Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent

Silva 2: 7. 1891 ,

Common names: Buckwheat tree black titi
Basionyms: Ptelea monophylla Lamarck in J. Lamarck and J. Poiret, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 336. 1792
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 368.
Plants to 15 m, often forming dense stands. Leaves: petiole absent or relatively short; blade bluish white abaxially, green adaxially, elliptic to oblanceolate, 2.5–10 × 1.2–1.8 cm, coriaceous, base cuneate, narrowed to petiole, apex acute to obtuse or shallowly emarginate. Flowers fragrant; petals white or pink, 6–8 mm. Fruits 5–7 mm.

Phenology: Flowering Mar–May.
Habitat: Acidic soils in seepage bogs ("hillside bogs," "pitcher-plant bogs"), along blackwater streams, depressions in pine savannas
Elevation: 0-100 m


V8 711-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., S.C.


The common name “buckwheat tree” alludes to the resemblance of the fruits with those of Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae). Cliftonia monophylla is a coastal plain endemic that forms dense patches of trees, except in sites that are burned frequently, where it is shrubby.



Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.