Cliftonia monophylla

(Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent

Silva 2: 7. 1891 ,

Common names: Buckwheat tree black titi
Basionyms: Ptelea monophylla Lamarck in J. Lamarck and J. Poiret, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 336. 1792
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 368.
Plants to 15 m, often forming dense stands. Leaves: petiole absent or relatively short; blade bluish white abaxially, green adaxially, elliptic to oblanceolate, 2.5–10 × 1.2–1.8 cm, coriaceous, base cuneate, narrowed to petiole, apex acute to obtuse or shallowly emarginate. Flowers fragrant; petals white or pink, 6–8 mm. Fruits 5–7 mm.

Phenology: Flowering Mar–May.
Habitat: Acidic soils in seepage bogs ("hillside bogs," "pitcher-plant bogs"), along blackwater streams, depressions in pine savannas
Elevation: 0-100 m

Distribution

V8 711-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., S.C.

Discussion

The common name “buckwheat tree” alludes to the resemblance of the fruits with those of Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae). Cliftonia monophylla is a coastal plain endemic that forms dense patches of trees, except in sites that are burned frequently, where it is shrubby.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

Facts about "Cliftonia monophylla"
AuthorDavid E. Lemke +
Authority(Lamarck) Britton ex Sargent +
BasionymsPtelea monophylla +
Common nameBuckwheat tree + and black titi +
DistributionAla. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. + and S.C. +
Elevation0-100 m +
HabitatAcidic soils in seepage bogs ("hillside bogs," "pitcher-plant bogs"), along blackwater streams, depressions in pine savannas +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
PhenologyFlowering Mar–May. +
Publication titleSilva +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V8/V8 711.xml +
Taxon familyCyrillaceae +
Taxon nameCliftonia monophylla +
Taxon parentCliftonia +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 8 +