Dirca palustris

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 358. 1753

Common names: Eastern leatherwood wicopy moosewood bois de plomb dirca des marais
EndemicSelected by author to be illustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 382. Mentioned on page 383.
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Shrubs to 3 m; branches turning gray, glabrous. Leaves: petiole 2–5 mm, glabrescent; blade obovate to ovate, 5–10 × 3.5–7 cm, base cuneate, apex acute or obtuse, surfaces usually glabrous, rarely with persistent indument. Inflorescences racemose, becoming pendent, (2–)3(–6)-flowered, pedunculate, flowers pedicellate; bracts elliptic, apex obtuse to acute, brown- to tan-pubescent, occasionally hoary; peduncles 5–13 mm. Pedicels 2–10 mm, glabrous. Flowers: calyx yellow-green, unlobed or 4–5-lobed, lobes to 1 mm, margins shallowly crenate, erose, or undulate; ovary glabrous. Drupes green or yellow, drying red, ovoid, 6–12 mm, glabrous. 2n = 18, 36.

Phenology: Flowering spring (Mar–May); fruiting summer (Jul–Aug).
Habitat: Rich, moist to wet, lowland woods, calcareous rich slopes, along braided streams, swamps
Elevation: 0–1500 m

Distribution

V6 705-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., N.S., Ont., Que., Ala., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., Wis.

Discussion

Peter Raven (pers. comm.) has reported that populations of Dirca palustris south of the last glacial advance are diploid and those north of it are tetraploid. It is suspected that pollen diameter (volume) may be a useful surrogate to predict ploidy level in D. palustris.

The bark of Dirca palustris is strong and pliable; it was once used in ropes and baskets. The plants may cause contact dermatitis. The fruits are mildly poisonous to mammals and have been used as purgatives and fish poisons. The plants, sometimes browsed by deer, are slow-growing in cultivation and prefer moist to wet soil. The leaves are sometimes parasitized by the miner Leucanthiza dircella Braun. Insect visitors to the flowers include species from five genera of generalist bees; the plants may be facultatively autogamous. Fruit dispersal may be by birds or small mammals.

The flowers appear in early spring before or as the leaves expand, after the flowers of red maple and before the canopy closes.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Dirca palustris"
AuthorAaron Floden + and Lorin I. Nevling Jr. +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameEastern leatherwood +, wicopy +, moosewood +, bois de plomb + and dirca des marais +
DistributionN.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. + and Wis. +
Elevation0–1500 m +
HabitatRich, moist to wet, lowland woods, calcareous rich slopes, along braided streams, swamps +
IllustratorLinny Heagy +
PhenologyFlowering spring (Mar–May) + and fruiting summer (Jul–Aug). +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
Referencefernald1943b +, holm1921a +, mcvaugh1941a + and williams2004a +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/9216fc802291cd3df363fd52122300479582ede7/coarse grained fna xml/V6/V6 705.xml +
Special statusEndemic + and Selected by author to be illustrated +
Taxon familyThymelaeaceae +
Taxon nameDirca palustris +
Taxon parentDirca +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 6 +