Dodecahema

Reveal & Hardham

Phytologia 66: 86. 1989

Common names: Spinyherb
Etymology: Greek dodeka, twelve, and hema, dart or javelin, alluding to involucral awns
Basionyms: Centrostegia sect. Diplostegia Roberty & Vautier Boissiera 10: 91. 1964
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 474. Mentioned on page 220, 446.
Herbs, annual; taproot slender. Stems arising directly from the root, spreading, solid, not fistulose or disarticulating into ringlike segments, sparsely glandular. Leaves usually quickly deciduous, basal, rosulate; petiole present; blade narrowly oblanceolate, margins entire. Inflorescences terminal, cymose, uniparous due to suppression of secondaries; branches dichotomous, not brittle or disarticulating into segments, round, sparsely glandular; bracts 3–4, positioned to side and opposite next distal subsequent branch or involucre, connate ca. 1/2 their length, lanceolate, awned, sparsely glandular. Peduncles spreading, peglike. Involucres 1 per node, tubular, cylindric, 6-angled; teeth 6, awn-tipped, awns uncinate. Flowers 3 per involucre; perianth white to pink, campanulate when open, cylindric when closed, pubescent abaxially; tepals 6, connate proximally, monomorphic, entire apically; stamens 9; filaments free, glabrous; anthers red to maroon, oblong. Achenes included, dark brown to black, not winged, 3-gonous, glabrous. Seeds: embryo curved. x = ca. 17.

Discussion

Species 1.

Each of the 12 awns on each involucre of Dodecahema leptoceras is long and slender. They are more like those seen in Sidotheca (Eriogonineae) than those of any member of the Chorizanthineae. J. L. Reveal and C. B. Hardham (1989) reported a consistent chromosome count of n = 15 plus (seemingly) additional chromosome fragments that bring the number to approximately n = 17. More work is required to resolve the exact chromosome number for the species. A specimen (Meiere s.n., 4 May 1917, CAS) supposedly from Needles, San Bernardino County, is discounted.

Selected References

None.

Facts about "Dodecahema"
AuthorJames L. Reveal +
AuthorityReveal & Hardham +
BasionymsCentrostegia sect. Diplostegia +
Common nameSpinyherb +
DistributionCalif. +
EtymologyGreek dodeka, twelve, and hema, dart or javelin, alluding to involucral awns +
Publication titlePhytologia +
Publication year1989 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V5/V5 995.xml +
Taxon familyPolygonaceae +
Taxon nameDodecahema +
Taxon parentPolygonaceae subfam. Eriogonoideae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 5 +