Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 19(2): 127. 1905.
Stems (1–)2–4 cm, (0.2–)0.9–1.3 mm thick, terete-foliate when dry, branching pattern often of several orders of successive branching, in stepwise fashion. Branch leaves involute in tubular fashion when dry, 1.8–2.8 × 0.5–1.2 mm; base broadly decurrent; marginal teeth of 1–several cells; costa sinuous in distal 1/3. Perichaetia on youngest branches, leaves 1.5–2.2 mm, apex subulate, subula flexuose, often somewhat crispate, laminal cells smooth throughout. [Capsule urn (1.7–)2–2.8 mm; stomata at base; annulus well differentiated; exostome teeth 0.5 mm; endostome segments 0.2–0.3 mm. Spores densely papillose]
Habitat: Tree bases, rock, temperate deciduous forests
Elevation: m oderate elevations
Ala., Ariz., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ky., La., Miss., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Mexico, West Indies (Dominican Republic), Central America (El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua), South America (e Brazil), e, se Asia, w, s Africa (South Africa, Tanzania), Pacific Islands (New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea).
No sporophytes have been found in the flora area; the description is based on sporophytes from China and Japan.