Maianthemum racemosum

(Linnaeus) Link
Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 343. 1821.
Common names: Large false Solomon’s-seal false spikenard Solomon’s-plume
Illustrated
Basionym: Convallaria racemosa Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 315. 1753
Synonyms: Smilacina racemosa (Linnaeus) Desfontaines Unifolium racemosum (Linnaeus) Britton
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 208. Mentioned on page 206, 207, 209.

Plants terrestrial, to 12.5 cm. Rhizomes sympodial, cylindrical, units 30–40 cm × 8–14 mm, sometimes multiplied, roots scattered. Stems erect or arching, 7.5–12.5 dm × 7–9 mm. Leaves 7–12, sessile and clasping, or petiolate; blade elliptic to ovate, 9–17 × 5–8 cm; base rounded or tapered; apex acute or caudate. Inflorescences paniculate, 70–250-flowered, branches well developed, pyramidal. Flowers 3-merous; tepals inconspicuous, 0.5–1 × 0.5 mm; filaments 1 × 0.5 mm; anthers 0.5–1 mm; ovary globose, 1 mm wide; style 0.1–0.3 mm; stigma obscure; pedicel 0.5–1 × 0.5 mm. Berries green with copper spots when young, maturing to deep translucent red, globose or 3-lobed, 4–6 mm wide. Seeds 1–4, globose, 2.5–4 mm. 2n = 36, 72, 144.

Discussion

Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora).

Maianthemum racemosum is sometimes cultivated. It was described as apomictic (A. L. Gorham 1953) but is much in need of cytogeographic and reproductive biological studies.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Stems erect; leaves sessile, clasping, blade base rounded; apex of third leaf below inflorescence acute, shorter than 2 mm; w North America. Maianthemum racemosum subsp. amplexicaule
1 Stems arching; leaves petiolate, blade base tapered; apex of third leaf below inflorescence caudate, 12–25 mm; e North America. Maianthemum racemosum subsp. racemosum
... more about "Maianthemum racemosum"
James V. LaFrankie +
(Linnaeus) Link +
Convallaria racemosa +
Large false Solomon’s-seal +, false spikenard +  and Solomon’s-plume +
North America +  and n Mexico. +
Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. +
Illustrated +
Smilacina racemosa +  and Unifolium racemosum +
Maianthemum racemosum +
Maianthemum +
species +