Maxonia apiifolia var. apiifolia

Climbing wood fern
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Stems 1.5–4 cm diam., internodes 3–10 cm; scales orange, brownish, or golden, denticulate. Roots from under surface. Petiole 30–60 cm, essentially glabrous, grooved adaxially. Blade broadly ovate, 3–4-pinnate, base slightly reduced, somewhat leathery, glabrous. Pinnae stalked, closely spaced to overlapping, lanceolate. Pinnules anadromous throughout. Tertiary segments obliquely ascending.

Habitat: Climbing on trees in wooded limestone hills
Elevation: 0 m


V2 384-distribution-map.gif

Fla., West Indies in Cuba, Jamaica.


Maxonia apiifolia, known in the flora from one collection made in 1921 in southern Florida, has not been relocated and may be extirpated. J. T. Mickel (1979) suggested that it may represent a horticultural escape, but the species is not known in cultivation. Its occurrence in Florida may indicate long-distance dispersal from the West Indies. Maxonia apiifolia var. dualis (J. D. Smith) C. Christensen occurs in Central America in Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama, and in South America in Ecuador. It differs from var. apiifolia only by its entire, rather than denticulate, scales.

Selected References


Lower Taxa