Medeola virginiana

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 339. 1753. 1753

IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 151. Mentioned on page 149.

Rhizomes 3–8 × 1 cm, decaying every year. Stems 2–9 dm, white-woolly when young, 1–3 deciduous bracts below proximal leaf whorl. Leaf blades sessile or short-petiolate, becoming purple-tinged basally in fruit, 5–9(–12) in proximal whorl, 6–16 × 1.5–5 cm, 3(–5) in distal whorl, 2.5–5 × 1.5–4 cm. Tepals yellowish green, 6–10 mm. Fruits (5–)8–10(–14) mm diam. Seeds 3 mm. 2n = 14.


Phenology: Flowering late spring.
Habitat: Moist slopes, mesic woods
Elevation: 0–1600 m

Distribution

V26 242-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

The rhizome of Medeola virginiana has the taste and odor of cucumber and is edible. The whorled leaves look like those of the orchid Isotria verticillata. The Iroquois of eastern North America used M. virginiana as an anticonvulsive, pediatric aid (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Medeola virginiana"
Frederick H. Utech +
Linnaeus +
N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0–1600 m +
Moist slopes, mesic woods +
Flowering late spring. +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
Medeola virginiana +
species +