Mnium spinosum

(Voit) Schwagrichen

Sp. Musc. Frond. Suppl. 1(2): 130. 1816.

Basionym: Bryum spinosum Voit in J. Sturm et al., Deutschl. Fl. 2(11): [16], plate s.n. 1811
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 227. Mentioned on page 224.

Plants 3.5–6(–8) cm. Stems red or reddish brown. Leaves green to dark green, crisped or undulate, twisted when dry, elliptic, ovate-elliptic, oblong-ovate, or rarely obovate, rarely narrow, 4–6 mm, proximal stem leaves narrowly triangular; base long-decurrent; margins reddish brown, multistratose with stereid band, toothed to below mid leaf, teeth paired, large, sharp; apex acute or rounded-acute, cuspidate or sometimes apiculate, cusp toothed; costa percurrent or excurrent, distal abaxial surface toothed, adaxial surface rarely toothed; medial laminal cells elongate, (20–)25–40 µm, slightly smaller towards margins, in diagonal or weak longitudinal rows, not or weakly collenchymatous, blue postmortal color absent; marginal cells linear, in (2–)3–4 rows. Sexual condition dioicous. [Seta single to several. Capsule yellow-brown, 1.5–2.5 mm; operculum rostrate; exostome light brown. Spores 20–32 µm].

Phenology: Capsules mature late spring.
Habitat: Forests on humus, soil
Elevation: low to moderate (high) elevations


V28 361-distribution-map.gif

Greenland, B.C., N.W.T., Yukon, Alaska, Colo., Europe, Asia.


Well-developed leaves of Mnium spinosum, a northern species, are characterized by long, sharp, and often highly divergent marginal teeth, present to well below mid leaf. The longer leaves and the angular, not or weakly collenchymatous laminal cells separate this species from M. lycopodioides and M. marginatum. Sporophytes have not been observed in North American collections. Characteristics of the sporophyte that are presented here are taken from A. J. E. Smith (2004).

Lower Taxa

... more about "Mnium spinosum"
Terry T. McIntosh +  and Steven G. Newmaster +
(Voit) Schwagrichen +
Bryum spinosum +
Greenland +, B.C. +, N.W.T. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Colo. +, Europe +  and Asia. +
low to moderate (high) elevations +
Forests on humus, soil +
Capsules mature late spring. +
Sp. Musc. Frond. Suppl. +
steere1973b +
Mnium spinosum +
species +