Mnium spinulosum

Bruch & Schimper

Bryol. Europ. 4: 206, plate 394. 1846.

Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 228. Mentioned on page 224.

Plants 0.5–1(–2.5) cm. Stems red or reddish brown. Leaves green to dark green, slightly contorted or undulate when dry, obovate or occasionally elliptic, 2.5–5 mm; base long-decurrent; margins reddish brown, multistratose with stereid band, toothed distally, teeth paired, long, sharp; apex acute, obtuse, or rounded-acute, cuspidate, cusp toothed; costa percurrent or excurrent, distal abaxial surface smooth, sometimes with few small teeth; medial laminal cells ± isodiametric or short-elongate, 25–40 µm, smaller towards margins, not in rows, not collenchymatous, blue postmortal color absent; marginal cells linear, in (3–)4–5 rows. Sexual condition synoicous. Seta single or multiple. Capsule pale yellow, 1.5–4 mm; operculum rostrate; exostome dark reddish brown, often purplish. Spores 16–24 µm.

Phenology: Capsules mature late spring.
Habitat: Forests, on humus, logs, rock, base of trees
Elevation: low to moderate elevations


V28 362-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Conn., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., N.H., N.Y., Oreg., R.I., S.Dak., Vt., Wash., Wis., Europe, Asia.


Mnium spinulosum is distinguished by usually obovate leaves with broad, thick, and pigmented margins, and dark reddish brown exostomes. The capsule mouths are dark reddish brown; H. A. Crum and L. E. Anderson (1981) referred to this species as the red-mouthed mnium.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Mnium spinulosum"
Terry T. McIntosh +  and Steven G. Newmaster +
Bruch & Schimper +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, N.H. +, N.Y. +, Oreg. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Vt. +, Wash. +, Wis. +, Europe +  and Asia. +
low to moderate elevations +
Forests, on humus, logs, rock, base of trees +
Capsules mature late spring. +
Bryol. Europ. +
Mnium spinulosum +
species +