Monolopia

de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. L. P. de Candolle

in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. L. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 6: 74. 1838

Etymology: Greek monos, single, and lopos, husk, alluding to phyllaries
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 349. Mentioned on page 335, 336.
Dioecious. Plants 3–14 cm (bases woody). Stolons none. Basal leaves absent at flowering. Cauline leaves linear-lanceolate to cuneate-oblanceolate, 11–35 × 2–6 mm, acute, not flagged (apices acute), faces gray-pubescent. Heads 3–25 in corymbiform to paniculiform arrays. Involucres: staminate 6–8 mm; pistillate 6–8 mm. Phyllaries distally red to pink, light brown, or white. Corollas: staminate 3–4.5 mm; pistillate 5–6 mm. Cypselae 2–2.5 mm, pubescent and papillate; pappi: staminate 6–7 mm (capillary); pistillate 6–7 mm. 2n = 28.

Discussion

Species 5 (5 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Ray lamina apices entire or obscurely to slightly lobed (mid lobes shorter than outers); disc cypselae ± prismatic (not obcompressed) > 2
1 Ray lamina apices usually ± equally 3-lobed (laminae sometimes inconspicuous); disc cypselae obcompressed > 3
2 Cypselae ca. 2 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy (branches spreading, usually distal) Monolopia gracilens
2 Cypselae 2.5–3 mm, uniformly gray-strigose (branches erect) Monolopia stricta
3 Ray laminae ca. 0.5 mm (inconspicuous); disc cypselae 2-angled (pappi of 2–7 scales) Monolopia congdonii
3 Ray laminae 8–20 mm; disc cypselae 4-angled (pappi 0) > 4
4 Phyllaries distinct or connate (± 1/2 their lengths); cypselae uniformly gray-strigose Monolopia lanceolata
4 Phyllaries connate (± 3/4 their lengths, forming cups with distinct triangular lobes); cypselae glabrous or apically hairy Monolopia major
Facts about "Monolopia"
AuthorDale E. Johnson +
Authorityde Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. L. P. de Candolle +
DistributionCalif. +
EtymologyGreek monos, single, and lopos, husk, alluding to phyllaries +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
Publication titlein A. P. de Candolle and A. L. L. P. de Candolle, Prodr. +
Publication year1838 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V19-20-21/V21 874.xml +
SynonymsUndefined (tribe Undefined) subtribe Eriophyllinae +
Taxon familyAsteraceae +
Taxon nameMonolopia +
Taxon parentAsteraceae (tribe Heliantheae) subtribe Baeriinae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 21 +