Osteospermum

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 923. 1753

,

Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 395. 1754

Etymology: Greek osteon, bone, and sperma, seed, alluding to hard fruits of original species
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 382. Mentioned on page 30, 379.
Perennials, subshrubs, or shrubs [annuals], 5–150+ cm. Stems procumbent to erect [prostrate], glabrous or arachnose to piloso-hirtellous and/or stipitate-glandular. Leaves sessile or petiolate; blades orbiculate, elliptic, or oblong to oblanceolate, lanceolate, or linear, margins entire or denticulate [pinnately lobed], faces glabrous or sparsely arachnose and/or stipitate-glandular, often glabrate. Heads borne singly [in corymbiform to umbelliform arrays]. Involucres campanulate to hemispheric or broader, 5–20+ mm diam. Phyllaries 5–21+ in 1–2(–3+) series, lanceolate to lance-linear (apices ± attenuate). Receptacles flat to conic. Ray florets 10–21+ in ± 1 series; corollas whitish to purplish or yellow to orange, laminae ± oblong-elliptic to oblanceolate. Disc florets 12–50+, functionally staminate; corollas yellow or purplish, tubes shorter than the ± campanulate throats. Cypselae triquetrous-prismatic to clavate, often ± tuberculate or ridged and/or winged. x = 10.

Distribution

Africa, widely cultivated, sometimes escaping and/or persisting.

Discussion

Species ca. 75 (2 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Leaf blades obovate or oblong to oblanceolate, 30–50(–100+) × 0–20(–40+) mm; ray corollas purplish to whitish Osteospermum ecklonis
1 Leaf blades cuneate to clavate, 3–12(–20+) × 1–4+ mm; ray corollas yellow to orange. Osteospermum spinescens
Facts about "Osteospermum"
AuthorJohn L. Strother +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
DistributionAfrica +, widely cultivated + and sometimes escaping and/or persisting. +
EtymologyGreek osteon, bone, and sperma, seed, alluding to hard fruits of original species +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
Introducedtrue +
Publication titleSp. Pl. + and Gen. Pl. ed. +
Publication year1753 + and 1754 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V19-20-21/V19 621.xml +
SynonymsCompositae +
Taxon familyAsteraceae +
Taxon nameOsteospermum +
Taxon parentAsteraceae tribe Calenduleae +
Taxon rankgenus +
VolumeVolume 19 +