Plagiothecium

Schimper in P. Bruch and W. P. Schimper

in P. Bruch and W. P. Schimper, Bryol. Europ. 5: 179, plates 494 – 506. 1851

Etymology: Greek, plagios, oblique, and theke, case, alluding to capsule orientation
Synonyms: Stereodon sect. Plagiothecium (Schimper) Mitten
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 484. Mentioned on page 485, 518, 567, 568, 644.

Plants dark green to yellow-green, glossy or sometimes dull. Stems 2–6(–8) cm, 0.5–4 mm wide across leafy stem. Leaves 0.7–4 × (0.2–)0.4–2 mm; alar cells spheric, oval, quadrate, or rectangular, in 1–8 vertical rows, region triangular, or auriculate and oval; basal laminal cells shorter, broader than medial; medial cells 36–180 × 3–21 µm; apical cells often shorter. Specialized asexual reproduction by 2–7-celled propagula borne on branched stalks in leaf axils or in clusters without stalks on abaxial leaf surface. Seta yellow or orange to red-brown. Capsule yellowish, orange-brown, reddish, light brown, or dark red when mature, oblong to ovoid, smooth to striate, often wrinkled at neck, often contracted below mouth when dry; annulus differentiated; endostome cilia 1–3, usually as long as segments or nearly so, nodulose, rarely rudimentary or absent.

Distribution

North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Pacific Islands (New Guinea), Australia, Antarctica.

Discussion

Species ca. 90 (6 in the flora).

Plagiothecium is a genus of terrestrial habitats in coniferous and deciduous woods, on rotten logs, stumps, bases of trees, humus and soil, frequently overlying acidic cliffs and boulders, sometimes in swamps and marshes, in temperate, boreal and Arctic regions, and in the tropics at high elevations.

Key

1 Alar cells oval, quadrate, rectangular, or spheric; leaf margins broadly recurved > 2
1 Alar cells rectangular; leaf margins plane or narrowly recurved > 3
2 Stems complanate-foliate or sometimes julaceous; leaf apices acute to acuminate or rarely narrowly obtuse, seldom recurved; medial laminal cells 12-21 µm wide. Plagiothecium denticulatum
2 Stems julaceous; leaf apices acuminate, usually recurved; medial laminal cells 6-12 µm wide. Plagiothecium berggrenianum
3 Leaf apices abruptly contracted to long-filiform acumen. Plagiothecium piliferum
3 Leaf apices not abruptly contracted > 4
4 Leaves asymmetric, flat. Plagiothecium laetum
4 Leaves symmetric, concave > 5
5 Stems to 2 cm, 0.5-1 mm wide across leafy stem; leaves erect-spreading; medial laminal cells 4-10 µm wide; hydric habitats. Plagiothecium latebricola
5 Stems to 4 cm, 1-4 mm wide across leafy stem; leaves erect or sometimes spreading; medial laminal cells 7-17 µm wide; mesic or somewhat xeric habitats. Plagiothecium cavifolium
... more about "Plagiothecium"
Robert R. Ireland Jr. +
Schimper in P. Bruch and W. P. Schimper +
North America +, Mexico +, Central America +, South America +, Europe +, Asia +, Africa +, Pacific Islands (New Guinea) +, Australia +  and Antarctica. +
Greek, plagios, oblique, and theke, case, alluding to capsule orientation +
in P. Bruch and W. P. Schimper, Bryol. Europ. +
ireland1969b +, ireland1986a +  and ireland1987a +
Stereodon sect. Plagiothecium +
Plagiothecium +
Plagiotheciaceae +