Schlotheimia rugifolia

(Hooker) Schwagrichen

Sp. Musc. Frond. Suppl. 2(1,2): 150. 1824

Selected by author to be illustrated
Basionyms: Orthotrichum rugifolium Hooker Musci Exot. 2: plate 128. 1819
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 72.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator: Patricia M. Eckel
Plants reddish brown to dark brown. Stems 0.2–0.8 cm. Stem leaves oblong to oblong-ligulate, rugose, 1.4–1.6 mm; margins entire; apex abruptly apiculate; costa short-excurrent; distal laminal cells rounded-quadrate, 5–9 µm. Seta 2.5–4 mm. Capsule 1.7–2.2 mm. Calyptra papillose distally.

Habitat: Logs, trunks of trees frequently above 3 m, branches in tree canopies
Elevation: low elevations


V28 109-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America.


Schlotheimia rugifolia is distinguished by its rugose, abruptly apiculate leaves. Characteristically, the plants have a dark reddish brown color, which is best developed under xeric conditions.



Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

AuthorDale H. Vitt +
Authority(Hooker) Schwagrichen +
BasionymsOrthotrichum rugifolium +
DistributionAla. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America + and South America. +
Elevationlow elevations +
HabitatLogs, trunks of trees frequently above 3 m, branches in tree canopies +
IllustratorPatricia M. Eckel +
Publication titleSp. Musc. Frond. Suppl. +
Publication year1824 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V28/V28 109.xml +
Special statusSelected by author to be illustrated +
Taxon familyOrthotrichaceae +
Taxon nameSchlotheimia rugifolia +
Taxon parentSchlotheimia +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 28 +