Acalypha gracilens

A. Gray

Manual, 408. 1848

Common names: Slender threeseeded mercury
WeedySelected by author to be illustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Acalypha gracilens var. delzii Lillian W. Miller A. gracilens var. fraseri (Müller Arg.) Weatherby
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 171. Mentioned on page 164, 172.
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Herbs, annual, 1–6 dm, monoecious. Stems erect, pubescent. Leaves: petiole 0.2–1.2(–1.8) cm; blade oblong-lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 1.7–6 × 0.4–2 cm, base cuneate, margins serrate to crenate to subentire, apex obtuse to acute. Inflorescences bisexual, axillary; peduncle 0.1–0.6 cm, pistillate portion 0.7–1.3 × 0.8–1.5 cm or pistillate bract solitary, staminate portion 0.2–2.6 cm; allomorphic pistillate flowers absent. Pistillate bracts loosely arranged to crowded (inflorescence axis clearly to scarcely visible between bracts) or solitary, 8–14 × 11–17 mm, abaxial surface sparsely pubescent, red sessile-glandular, and sometimes stipitate-glandular; lobes (7–)9–13(–15), deltate, 1/10–1/4 bract length. Pistillate flowers: pistil 3-carpellate; styles multifid or laciniate. Capsules smooth, pubescent. Seeds 1.1–1.9 mm, minutely pitted.

Phenology: Flowering and fruiting mostly summer–fall.
Habitat: Pine and pine-oak woods, dry hardwood forests, glades, prairies, disturbed areas, usually on sand or shallow rocky soils.
Elevation: 0–1100 m.

Distribution

V12 280-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Acalypha gracilens varies considerably throughout its range; some of the extremes have been named. The variation shows no discrete breaks and no infraspecific taxa warrant recognition (G. A. Levin 1999). Populations in central Illinois, Indiana, and Iowa have been alleged to be introduced, but they show slight morphological differences from other populations and appear to be native. Acalypha gracilens is introduced in Wisconsin. See 16. A. virginica for a discussion of the differences between A. gracilens and that species.

References

None.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Acalypha gracilens"
AuthorGeoffrey A. Levin +
AuthorityA. Gray +
Common nameSlender threeseeded mercury +
DistributionAla. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. + and Wis. +
Elevation0–1100 m. +
HabitatPine and pine-oak woods, dry hardwood forests, glades, prairies, disturbed areas, usually on sand or shallow rocky soils. +
PhenologyFlowering and fruiting mostly summer–fall. +
Publication titleManual, +
Publication year1848 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/8f726806613d60c220dc4493de13607dd3150896/coarse grained fna xml/V12/V12 280.xml +
Special statusWeedy +, Selected by author to be illustrated + and Endemic +
SynonymsAcalypha gracilens var. delzii + and A. gracilens var. fraseri +
Taxon familyEuphorbiaceae +
Taxon nameAcalypha gracilens +
Taxon parentAcalypha +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 12 +