Amaranthus crispus

(Lespinasse & Thévenau) A. Braun ex J. M. Coulter & S. Watson in A. Gray et al.

in A. Gray et al., Manual ed. 6, 428. 1890

Common names: Crisp-leaved amaranth
Basionyms: Euxolus crispus Les pinasse & Thévenau
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 431. Mentioned on page 414, 428.
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Plants annual, sparsely pubescent. Stems prostrate to ascending, branched mainly from base, 0.1–0.4(–0.5) m. Leaves: petiole shorter than blade; blade rhombic-ovate to oblong, 0.5–1.5(–2.5) × 0.3–0.8(–1.5) cm, base cuneate, margins crisped-erose, conspicuously undulate, apex acute to subobtuse, with short mucro. Inflorescences axillary glomerules, green, axes not thickened, not indurage at maturity. Bracts lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 1.2–1.7 mm, ± equaling or slightly shorter than tepals. Pistillate flowers: tepals 5, spatulate-oblong, equal to subequal, 1.2–1.7 mm, margins entire, apex rounded to subacute; style branches spreading; stigmas 3, sessile. Staminate flowers intermixed with pistillate; tepals 5; stamens 5. Utricles ellipsoid or obovoid, 1.5–2 mm, slightly longer than tepals, smooth to slightly wrinkled, indehiscent. Seeds black to dark reddish brown, lenticular to obovoid-lenticular, 0.7–1 mm diam., smooth.

Phenology: Flowering summer–fall.
Habitat: Waste places, other disturbed habitats, mostly at seaports and on ballast
Elevation: 0-500 m

Distribution

N.J., N.Y., N.C., Va., native to South America (Argentina), introduced in s Eurasia and other regions.

Discussion

References

None.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.