Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 988. 1753

Common names: Petite herbe à poux
Synonyms: Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior (Linnaeus) Descourtilz Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. paniculata (Michaux) Blankinship Ambrosia elatior (Walter) Rydberg Ambrosia glandulosa unknown Ambrosia monophylla unknown
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 21. Treatment on page 15. Mentioned on page 11, 18.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator: Barbara Alongi
Annuals, 10–60(–150+) cm. Stems erect. Leaves opposite (proximal) and alternate; petioles 25–35(–60+) mm; blades deltate to lanceolate or elliptic, 25–55(–90+) × 20–30(–50+) mm, 1–2-pinnately lobed, bases cuneate, ultimate margins entire or toothed, abaxial faces sparsely pilosulous to strigillose, adaxial faces strigillose, both gland-dotted. Pistillate heads clustered, proximal to staminates; florets 1. Staminate heads: peduncles 0.5–1.5 mm; involucres shallowly cup-shaped (usually without black nerves), 2–3+ mm diam., glabrous or hispid to pilosulous; florets 12–20+. Burs: bodies ± globose to pyriform, 2–3 mm, ± pilosulous, spines or tubercles 3–5+, near middles or distal, ± conic to acerose, 0.1–0.5+ mm, tips straight. 2n = 34, 36.

Phenology: Flowering Jul–Oct.
Habitat: Wet to dry soils, disturbed sites
Elevation: 0–1000+ m

Distribution

V21-16-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.

Discussion

Hybrids between Ambrosia artemisiifolia and A. psilostachya have been called A. ×intergradiens W. H. Wagner. The name Ambrosia ×helenae Rouleau applies to hybrids between A. artemisiifolia and A. trifida.

References

None.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

AuthorJohn L. Strother +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common namePetite herbe à poux +
DistributionAlta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ala. +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. + and Wyo. +
Elevation0–1000+ m +
HabitatWet to dry soils, disturbed sites +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
PhenologyFlowering Jul–Oct. +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V19-20-21/V21 16.xml +
SynonymsAmbrosia artemisiifolia var. elatior +, Ambrosia artemisiifolia var. paniculata +, Ambrosia elatior +, Ambrosia glandulosa + and Ambrosia monophylla +
Taxon familyAsteraceae +
Taxon nameAmbrosia artemisiifolia +
Taxon parentAmbrosia +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 21 +