Anacamptodon splachnoides

(Froelich ex Bridel) Bridel

Muscol. Recent., suppl. 4: 136. 1818

Basionyms: Orthotrichum splachnoides Froelich ex Bridel Muscol. Recent., suppl. 2: 4. 1812
Synonyms: Anacamptodon splachnoides var. americanus Hampe Campylodontium hypnoides
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 285.
Plants dull to shiny. Stems creeping, branches ± ascending, straight to slightly curved at apices; somewhat radiculose. Stem and branch leaves erect to slightly spreading when dry, spreading to subsecund when moist; costa to 1/2–4/5 leaf length; laminal cells smooth; basal cells bulging; medial and distal cells 30–56 × 8–11 µm. Perigonia with leaves ovate, apex short-acute, ecostate. Perichaetia with leaves oblong-lanceolate, margins serrulate distally, apex long-acuminate, costa faint, 1/2–3/4 leaf length, laminal cells elongate. Seta yellow, 0.7–1.4 cm, straight. Capsule yellow to brown, 0.8–2 mm, strongly constricted below mouth when dry, hypophysis present; operculum conic, obliquely rostrate; exostome yellow to light brown, teeth paired, strongly recurved when dry, triangular-lanceolate, attenuate, thin; endostome light orange to golden, segments 8 or 16, filiform, elongate, 1/3–1 time exostome length. Calyptra 1.7–2 mm, naked. Spores spheric, finely papillose.

Phenology: Capsules mature (Jan-)Apr–Oct(-Dec).
Habitat: Bark of trees, wet, sheltered niches, crotches, fissures, knotholes on logs, stumps, sometimes rotten, wet rock
Elevation: low to high elevations (0-1700 m)


V28 445-distribution-map.gif

N.S., Ont., Que., Ark., Conn., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., Europe.


The habit of Anacamptodon splachnoides, combined with frequent sporophyte production with distinctive, strongly reflexed exostome teeth, makes it one of the more easily recognized mosses. The most common substrates for A. splachnoides are knotholes or wet crevices of Fagus grandifolia and species of Acer and Betula.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


AuthorPiers Majestyk +
Authority(Froelich ex Bridel) Bridel +
BasionymsOrthotrichum splachnoides +
DistributionN.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. + and Europe. +
Elevationlow to high elevations (0-1700 m) +
HabitatBark of trees, wet, sheltered niches, crotches, fissures, knotholes on logs, stumps, sometimes rotten, wet rock +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorPatricia M. Eckel +
PhenologyCapsules mature (Jan-)Apr–Oct(-Dec). +
Publication titleMuscol. Recent., suppl. +
Publication year1818 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V28/V28 445.xml +
Special statusIllustrated +
SynonymsAnacamptodon splachnoides var. americanus + and Campylodontium hypnoides +
Taxon familyAmblystegiaceae +
Taxon nameAnacamptodon splachnoides +
Taxon parentAnacamptodon +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 28 +