Anaphalis margaritacea

(Linnaeus) Bentham & Hooker f.

Gen. Pl. 2: 303. 1873

Common names: Pearly everlasting anaphale marguerite immortelle blanche
Basionyms: Gnaphalium margaritaceum Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 850. 1753
Synonyms: Anaphalis margaritacea var. occidentalis Greene Anaphalis margaritacea var. subalpina (A. Gray) A. Gray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 427.
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Illustrator: Barbara Alongi
Perennials; rhizomes relatively slender. Stems white, densely and closely tomentose, not glandular. Leaf blades 1–3-nerved, 3–10(–15) cm, bases subclasping, decurrent, margins revolute, abaxial faces tomentose or glabrescent (proximal leaves), not glandular or very sparsely and inconspicuously glandular, adaxial faces green, glabrate. Involucres 5–7 × 6–8(–10) mm. Phyllaries ovate to nearly linear (innermost), subequal to unequal, apices white, opaque. Cypselae 0.5–1 mm, bases constricted into stipiform carpopodia. 2n = 28.

Phenology: Flowering Jul–Oct (sporadically longer).
Habitat: Dry woods, often with aspen or mixed conifer-hardwood, borders and trails, dunes, fields, roadsides, other open, often disturbed sites
Elevation: 0–3200 m



St. Pierre and Miquelon, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I. Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Mexico (Baja California), Asia, introduced in Europe.


Anaphalis margaretacea was widely planted as an ornamental and escaped. It apparently naturalized from its native range in both Asia and North America; it is cultivated and naturalized in Europe.

Anaphalis margaritacea has the aspect of Pseudognaphalium; it differs in being subdioecious (polygamo-dioecious; the heads either staminate or primarily pistillate) and in its distinctive cypselar vestiture. It is further recognized by its combination of rhizomatous habit, subclasping-decurrent, bicolor, revolute leaves, and distally white phyllaries. Segregate species and varieties have been described among the North American plants (in addition to the two cited above), based on variation in habit, vestiture, and leaf morphology and density, but the variants appear to be more like a complex series of ecotypes rather than broader evolutionary entities.



Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

AuthorGuy L. Nesom +
Authority(Linnaeus) Bentham & Hooker f. +
BasionymsGnaphalium margaritaceum +
Common namePearly everlasting +, anaphale marguerite + and immortelle blanche +
DistributionSt. Pierre and Miquelon +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Mexico (Baja California) +, Asia + and introduced in Europe. +
Elevation0–3200 m +
HabitatDry woods, often with aspen or mixed conifer-hardwood, borders and trails, dunes, fields, roadsides, other open, often disturbed sites +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
PhenologyFlowering Jul–Oct (sporadically longer). +
Publication titleGen. Pl. +
Publication year1873 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V19-20-21/V19 704.xml +
SynonymsAnaphalis margaritacea var. occidentalis + and Anaphalis margaritacea var. subalpina +
Taxon familyAsteraceae +
Taxon nameAnaphalis margaritacea +
Taxon parentAnaphalis +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 19 +