Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia

EndemicIllustrated
Synonyms: Anemone nemorosa var. bifolia Farwell Anemone quinquefolia var. bifolia
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Aerial shoots 5-30 cm. Leaves: petiole 5-25 cm; terminal leaflet of basal leaves 1.5-4.5 × 1.4-3.7 cm, abaxially puberulous or glabrous, adaxially puberulous; lateral leaflets frequently 1×-lobed or -parted or unlobed; ultimate lobes 5-15 mm wide. Inflorescences: involucral bracts with terminal leaflet 1-5(-5.5) × 1-3 cm, base cuneate or ± oblique, margins crenate to serrate, sometimes incised, apex acuminate to acute, surfaces glabrous or puberulous; lateral leaflets frequently 1×-lobed or -parted, sometimes unlobed; ultimate lobes 5-20 mm wide. Flowers: sepals 6-25 × 4-8 mm; stamens 30-60. Pedicels 2-6(-8) cm in fruit. Achenes: body 3-4.5 mm. 2n=32.

Phenology: Flowering spring–early summer (Mar–Jun).
Habitat: Moist, open woods, thickets, clearings, streamsides, occasionally swampy areas
Elevation: 30-1900 m

Distribution

V3 358-distribution-map.gif

Alta., Man., N.B., N.S., Ont., Que., Sask., Ala., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Anemone quinquefolia var. interior Fernald is an often used, although illegitimate, name for A. quinquefolia var. bifolia. This taxon, characterized by its villous flowering stems, is scarcely worthy of varietal recognition inasmuch as local populations may have plants referable to both var. bifolia and var. quinquefolia (C. S. Keener 1975b).

Intergradation of characteristics between Anemone quinquifolia var. minima and var. quinquefolia, and between var. quinquefolia and A. lancifolia frequently makes identification extremely difficult in the area where the taxa overlap.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

AuthorBryan E. Dutton +, Carl S. Keener + and Bruce A. Ford +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
DistributionAlta. +, Man. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ala. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. + and Wis. +
Elevation30-1900 m +
HabitatMoist, open woods, thickets, clearings, streamsides, occasionally swampy areas +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
PhenologyFlowering spring–early summer (Mar–Jun). +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 358.xml +
Special statusEndemic + and Illustrated +
SynonymsAnemone nemorosa var. bifolia + and Anemone quinquefolia var. bifolia +
Taxon familyRanunculaceae +
Taxon nameAnemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia +
Taxon parentAnemone quinquefolia +
Taxon rankvariety +
VolumeVolume 3 +