Ardisia escallonioides

Schlechtendal & Chamisso

Linnaea 6: 393. 1831 ,.

Common names: Island marlberry
Synonyms: Icacorea paniculata (Nuttall) Sudworth
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 320. Mentioned on page 319.

Subshrubs or trees, not stoloniferous, 11–15.2 m; branchlets sparsely to densely rufous-papillate, sometimes also with multicellular hairs. Leaves: petiole 5–12 mm, glabrous; blade elliptic to oblanceolate, 3.2–17.5 × 1.3–6.2 cm, margins entire, flat, (without vascularized nodules), apex acute, surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences terminal, panicles of racemes, 6–18-flowered. Pedicels erect, 0.4–0.6 cm, sparsely to densely rufous-papillate. Flowers: sepals 5–6, ovate, 1.8–2 mm, margins entire, (glandular-ciliolate), apex acute, minutely papillate; petals 5–6, white to pink, lanceolate, 6.7–6.9 mm, margins entire, (hyaline, membranous), apex acute, punctate, with dense, yellow papillae adaxially at base, glabrous; stamens shorter than petals; anthers ovate to lanceolate, apex apiculate, punctate abaxially; ovary pellucid-punctate, glabrous; ovules 39–44, multiseriate. Drupes red, becoming black, 4–7 mm diam., punctate.

Phenology: Flowering May–Jun; fruiting Nov–May.
Habitat: Hammocks
Elevation: 0-30 m


V8 640-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Fla., Mexico, West Indies (Barbados, Bermuda, Cuba, Dominican Republic), Central America (Belize, Guatemala).


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Ardisia escallonioides"
John J. Pipoly III +  and Jon M. Ricketson +
Schlechtendal & Chamisso +
Island marlberry +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies (Barbados +, Bermuda +, Cuba +, Dominican Republic) +, Central America (Belize +  and Guatemala). +
0-30 m +
Hammocks +
Flowering May–Jun +  and fruiting Nov–May. +
Weedy +  and Introduced +
Icacorea paniculata +
Ardisia escallonioides +
species +