Arenaria serpyllifolia

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 423. 1753

Common names: Thymeleaf sandwort sabline á feuilles de serpolet
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 55. Mentioned on page 51, 56.
Plants annual. Taproots filiform. Stems 1–100+, erect to ascending or sprawling, green, 3–40+ cm; internodes terete to ellipsoid, 2–8 times as long as leaves, dull, retrorsely pubescent throughout, sometimes also stipitate-glandular. Leaves often connate basally, with scarious or mostly herbaceous sheath 0.2–0.3 mm, petiolate (proximal leaves) or usually sessile; petiole 1–4 mm; blade 3–5 veined, elliptic to broadly ovate or rarely orbiculate, 2–7 × 1–4 mm, herbaceous, margins flat, herbaceous, dull, ciliate especially proximally, apex acute to acuminate, pustulate, sparsely minutely pubescent or glabrous; axillary leaf clusters absent. Inflorescences terminal, open, leafy, 3–50+-flowered cymes. Pedicels erect or ascending in fruit, 1–12 mm, retrorsely pubescent. Flowers: sepals green, often prominently 3-veined, not keeled, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate (herbaceous portion narrowly elliptic to broadly lanceolate), 2–3 mm, to 4 mm in fruit, apex narrowly acute to acuminate, ± minutely pustulate, stipitate-glandular; petals oblong, 0.6–2.7 mm, 1/5–3/4 times as long as sepals, apex obtuse to rounded. Capsules loosely enclosed by calyx, ovoid to cylindric-ovoid, 3–3.5 mm, 4/5–11/5 times as long as sepals. Seeds 10–15, ashy black, reniform, plump, 0.4–0.6 mm, not shiny, with low-elongate, prominent tubercules.

Distribution

V5 111-distribution-map.gif

North America, Eurasia, Africa, introduced in Australia.

Discussion

Varieties 3+ (2 in the flora).

Variation in Arenaria serpyllifolia in the broad sense is treated in various ways. The two varieties recognized here have been treated also as subspecies (e.g., A. O. Chater and G. Halliday 1993) or species (e.g., M. N. Abuhadra 2000; B. Jonsell 2001). Jonsell admitted that accepting them as species is questionable; while the morphological differences are slight (see esp. Abuhadra), the ploidy-level difference (2n = 40 in </i>var.<i> serpyllifolia vs. 2n = 20 in </i>var.<i> tenuior) is important.

References

None.

Key

1 Capsules ovoid to ovoid-conic, broader at base; seeds 0.5-0.6 mm Arenaria serpyllifolia var. serpyllifolia
1 Capsules cylindric to cylindric-ovoid, not significantly broader at base (walls nearly straight); seeds ca. 0.4 mm Arenaria serpyllifolia var. tenuior
AuthorRonald L. Hartman +, Richard K. Rabeler + and Frederick H. Utech +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
Common nameThymeleaf sandwort + and sabline á feuilles de serpolet +
DistributionNorth America +, Eurasia +, Africa + and introduced in Australia. +
IllustratorYevonn Wilson-Ramsey +
Introducedtrue +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V5/V5 111.xml +
SynonymsSpergulastrum +
Taxon familyCaryophyllaceae +
Taxon nameArenaria serpyllifolia +
Taxon parentArenaria +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 5 +