Artemisia absinthium

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 848. 1753

Common names: Common wormwood armoise absinthe
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 519. Mentioned on page 503.
Perennials, 40–60(–100) cm (mat-forming), aromatic. Stems gray-green (sometimes woody proximally), densely canescent to glabrescent (hairs appressed). Leaves deciduous, gray-green; blades broadly ovate, 3–8 × 1–4 cm, mostly pinnately lobed (basal 2–3-pinnatifid, lobes obovate), faces densely canescent. Heads (nodding) in open (diffusely branched), paniculiform arrays 10–20(–35) × (2–)10–13(–15) cm. Involucres broadly ovoid, 2–3 × 3–5 mm. Phyllaries gray-green, densely sericeous. Florets: pistillate 9–20; bisexual 30–50; corollas 1–2 mm, glandular. Cypselae (± cylindric, slightly curved, obscurely nerved), ± 0.5 mm, glabrous (shiny). 2n = 18.

Phenology: Flowering mid summer–fall.
Habitat: Widely cultivated, persisting from plantings, disturbed areas
Elevation: 0–1000 m

Distribution

V19-885-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Calif., Colo., Conn., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Utah, Vt., Wash., Wis., Wyo., Europe.

Discussion

Artemisia absinthium provides the flavoring as well as the psychoactive ingredient for absinthe liquor, a beverage that is illegal in some markets. Known as a powerful neurotoxin, absinthe in large quantities is addictive as well as deadly. The species is popular in the horticultural trade. Prized by gardeners for its gracefully scalloped leaves and gray-green foliage, it creates an attractive and winter-hardy flower border.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

Facts about "Artemisia absinthium"
AuthorLeila M. Shultz +
AuthorityLinnaeus +
BasionymsUndefined subg. Absinthium +
Common nameCommon wormwood + and armoise absinthe +
DistributionAlta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Wash. +, Wis. +, Wyo. + and Europe. +
Elevation0–1000 m +
HabitatWidely cultivated, persisting from plantings, disturbed areas +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorLinda Ann Vorobik +
Introducedtrue +
PhenologyFlowering mid summer–fall. +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V19-20-21/V19 885.xml +
SynonymsArtemisia subsect. Absinthium +
Taxon familyAsteraceae +
Taxon nameArtemisia absinthium +
Taxon parentArtemisia subg. Absinthium +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 19 +