Artemisia biennis

Willdenow

Phytographia, 11. 1794

Common names: Biennial wormwood armoise bisannuelle
Synonyms: Artemisia biennis var. diffusa Dorn
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 523. Mentioned on page 521.
Annuals or biennials, (10–)30–80(–150) cm, not aromatic. Stems 1, erect, often reddish, simple (finely striate), glabrous. Leaves cauline, green or yellow-green (sessile); blades broadly lanceolate to ovate, 4–10(–13) × 1.5–4 cm, 1–2-pinnately lobed (ultimate lobes coarsely toothed), faces glabrous. Heads (erect, subsessile) in (leafy) paniculiform to spiciform arrays 12–35(–40) × 2–4 cm (lateral branches relatively short). Involucres globose, 2–4 × (1.5–)2–4 mm. Phyllaries (green) broadly elliptic to obovate, glabrous. Florets: pistillate 6–25; bisexual 15–40; corollas pale yellow, ca. 2 mm, glabrous. Cypselae ellipsoid (4–5-nerved), 0.2–0.9 mm, glabrous. 2n = 18.

Phenology: Flowering mid summer–late fall.
Habitat: Disturbed habitats, margins of vernal pools, desert flats, usually clay or silty soils
Elevation: 600–2000 m

Distribution

V19-894-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.Dak., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Utah, Vt., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., introduced in Europe, Pacific Islands (New Zealand).

Discussion

Artemisia biennis is naturalized and weedy in the eastern portion of its range. It is morphologically similar to A. annua, differing primarily in the coarser leaf lobes and larger heads that are sessile in axils of leaflike bracts. Artemisia biennis is considered native to the northwest United States; it may be introduced in other parts of its range. The type specimen is a horticultural specimen from New Zealand.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

Facts about "Artemisia biennis"
AuthorLeila M. Shultz +
AuthorityWilldenow +
Common nameBiennial wormwood + and armoise bisannuelle +
DistributionAlta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, introduced in Europe + and Pacific Islands (New Zealand). +
Elevation600–2000 m +
HabitatDisturbed habitats, margins of vernal pools, desert flats, usually clay or silty soils +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorLinda Ann Vorobik +
PhenologyFlowering mid summer–late fall. +
Publication titlePhytographia, +
Publication year1794 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V19-20-21/V19 894.xml +
SynonymsArtemisia biennis var. diffusa +
Taxon familyAsteraceae +
Taxon nameArtemisia biennis +
Taxon parentArtemisia subg. Artemisia +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 19 +