Sp. Pl. 2: 1078. 1753
Habitat: Shaded, usually moss-covered boulders and ledges, usually on limestone or other basic rocks, but occasionally on sandstone or other acidic rocks, rarely on fallen tree trunks
Elevation: 0–1000 m
Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.
Asplenium rhizophyllum, a diploid species, is morphologically very distinctive within Asplenium and is segregated by many authors, along with its sister species A. ruprechtii Kurata of eastern Asia, into the genus Camptosorus Link. Proliferations arising from leaf tips result in the formation of clonal patches, often dense and extensive, on the mossy boulders and ledges where it typically grows. Naturally occurring sterile hybrids are known with A. platyneuron (these and their fertile allotetraploid derivatives are both referred to A. ebenoides), A. ruta-muraria (A. × inexpectatum E. L. Braun ex C. V. Morton), A. trichomanes subsp. trichomanes [A. × shawneense (R. C. Moran) H. E. Ballard], and A. ebenoides. In addition, the allotetraploid A. pinnatifidum is derived from the hybrid A. montanum × rhizophyllum; the sterile diploid hybrid is unknown.