Athyrium distentifolium var. americanum
Stems ascending or short-creeping. Petiole straw-colored or red-brown distally, (7–)10–30 cm, base dark red-brown to black with 2 rows of teeth, swollen; scales at base brown to dark brown, lanceolate or broadly lanceolate, 13 × 3(–5) mm. Blade narrowly elliptic or lanceolate, 2–3-pinnate-pinnatifid, 15–55(–65) × 3–25 cm, moderately narrowed proximally, broadest below middle, apex acuminate. Pinnae short-stalked, narrowly deltate to deltate-oblong, apex acute. Pinnules deeply pinnatifid, segments oblong, crenulate. Rachis, costae, and costules with small, pale brown scales. Veins pinnate. Sori round to elliptic; indusia absent or very minute, scalelike. 2n = 80.
Habitat: Wet talus slopes, rocky hillsides, alpine meadows
Elevation: 600–3100 m
Greenland, Alta., B.C., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), Que., Yukon, Alaska, Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.
Athyrium distentifolium var. americanum differs from var. distentifolium of Europe in its more finely dissected leaves with crenulate pinnule-segments, relatively broader pinnae with abruptly larger basal pinnules, and much more rudimentary indusia, if any. Japanese plants are more similar to var. americanum than to var. distentifolium, and they need further study.