Sp. Musc. Frond. Suppl. 3(1,1,Aulacomnion): 4. 1827
Habitat: Wet habitats, fens, marshes, swamps, peat, organic soil, moist to wet mineral soil, rock
Elevation: low to high elevations
Greenland, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Mexico, West Indies (Dominican Republic), n, w South America, Europe, Asia, Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Australia.
Aulacomnium palustre is essentially a Northern Hemisphere moss, widespread in North America, but not necessarily common throughout its range; it may be introduced in New Zealand. Numerous varieties and forms have been proposed and sometimes recognized to accommodate the range of morphological variation present in this moss (G. Sayre 1935; W. Kabiersch 1937). None of these infraspecific concepts are adopted here in the absence of thorough studies employing modern techniques. A distinctive alpine expression (var. imbricatum Bruch & Schimper) has been recognized in Colorado and elsewhere (W. A. Weber and R. C. Wittmann 2007). In such plants, the leaves cover most of the rhizoids but are narrowly lanceolate and widest near the base; this is also true in lowland expressions of A. palustre, where some populations can also have the narrowly rounded leaf apices of var. imbricatum. The leaves of this species are weakly plicate, and the costa surface cells are large and hyaline. The basal laminal cells of the inner perigonial leaves are large and smooth; the 4 or 5 distal cells are short and wider than the longer, more proximal cells. The perichaetia are in the form of splash cups.