Sp. Musc. Frond., 118. 1801,
Phenology: Capsules mature in winter and early spring, occasionally summer or fall.
Habitat: Soil, sand, gravel, sandstone, granite, limestone, walls, roadcuts, paths, lawns, ditches
Elevation: low to high elevations (50-2700 m)
Alta., B.C., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Mexico, Central America, South America, Europe, Asia, n Africa, Australia.
Barbula unguiculata is common in eastern North America and Europe, and elsewhere in the North and South Temperate zones, but rare in the tropics and the Arctic, with, for instance, only two known sites in Mexico and a single one north of the Arctic tree line. The leaves are often blackened. Forms with strongly mucronate leaf apices have been referred to var. apiculata though modern authorities generally treat this as a form. Barbula indica is often confused with this species, but differs immediately in the leaves conduplicate but not contorted when dry, with plane or weakly recurved margins, and prorate abaxial surface of the costa. Barbula convoluta is similar but has plane margins, costa not excurrent as a mucro and seta yellow rather than reddish brown.
|Author||Richard H. Zander +|
|Basionyms||Pottiaceae tribe Barbuleae +|
|Distribution||Alta. +, B.C. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Ala. +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Mexico +, Central America +, South America +, Europe +, Asia +, n Africa + and Australia. +|
|Elevation||low to high elevations (50-2700 m) +|
|Habitat||Soil, sand, gravel, sandstone, granite, limestone, walls, roadcuts, paths, lawns, ditches +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Patricia M. Eckel +|
|Phenology||Capsules mature in winter and early spring, occasionally summer or fall. +|
|Publication title||Sp. Musc. Frond., +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V27/V27 759.xml +|
|Synonyms||Barbula unguiculata var. apiculata +|
|Taxon family||Pottiaceae +|
|Taxon name||Barbula unguiculata +|
|Taxon parent||Barbula +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 27 +|