Fl. Amer. Sept., 219. 1814
Phenology: Flowering winter–spring (Mar–Jun).
Habitat: Open woods and shrublands
Elevation: 0-2100 m
B.C., Calif., Idaho, Mont., Oreg., Wash.
Berberis aquifolium is the state flower of Oregon. It is widely used as an ornamental and has been reported as an escape from cultivation in scattered localities across the continent (Ontario, Quebec, central California, Michigan, and Nevada).
Berberis aquifolium is resistant to infection by Puccinia graminis.
Medicinally, various root preparations of Berberis aquifolium were used by Native Americans for stomach trouble, hemorrhages, and tuberculosis; as a panacea, a tonic, a gargle, and an eye wash; and to purify blood. Leaves and roots were used in steam baths to treat yellow fever; karok was used as a poison; and the tips of stems were used to treat stomach aches (D. E. Moermann 1986).
|Author||Alan T. Whittemore +|
|Common name||Oregon-grape +|
|Distribution||B.C. +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Oreg. + and Wash. +|
|Elevation||0-2100 m +|
|Habitat||Open woods and shrublands +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||John Myers +|
|Phenology||Flowering winter–spring (Mar–Jun). +|
|Publication title||Fl. Amer. Sept., +|
|Publication year||1814 +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 1169.xml +|
|Special status||Endemic + and Illustrated +|
|Synonyms||Mahonia aquifolium +|
|Taxon family||Berberidaceae +|
|Taxon name||Berberis aquifolium +|
|Taxon parent||Berberis +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 3 +|