Sp. Pl. 2: 1036. 1753
Illustrator: Linny Heagy
Phenology: Flowering and fruiting year round.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, waste places, hummocks, roadsides
Elevation: 0-100 m
Fla., Central America, nw South America, introduced also pantropically.
Carica papaya is widely cultivated in tropical regions worldwide for its large melonlike fruit, one of the most popular tropical fruits, and occasionally as an ornamental. Papaya fruit is a good source of calcium, and vitamins A and C. Except for the ripe fruit, all parts of the plant possess a milky sap that contains the proteolytic enzymes papain and chymopapain, widely used to tenderize meat. Immature fruit, leaves, and flowers are also used as a cooked vegetable. Papaya also has industrial and pharmaceutical applications, including use in chewing gums, brewing, drugs for digestive ailments, treatment of gangrenous wounds, use in the textile industry, and use in production of soaps and shampoos.
The species is cultivated in extreme southern Texas, where occasional seedlings arise from seeds discarded in waste places or dumps but are never persistent.
|Author||Walter C. Holmes +|
|Common name||Papaya +, papaw +, pawpaw + and lechosa +|
|Distribution||Fla. +, Central America +, nw South America + and introduced also pantropically. +|
|Elevation||0-100 m +|
|Habitat||Disturbed areas, waste places, hummocks, roadsides +|
|Illustrator||Linny Heagy +|
|Phenology||Flowering and fruiting year round. +|
|Publication title||Sp. Pl. +|
|Publication year||1753 +|
|Source xml||https://email@example.com/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f6b125a955440c0872999024f038d74684f65921/coarse grained fna xml/V7/V7 205.xml +|
|Taxon family||Caricaceae +|
|Taxon name||Carica papaya +|
|Taxon parent||Carica +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 7 +|