Edinburgh New Philos. J. 17: 158. 1834 ,
n North America, Eurasia.
Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora).
The Arctic plants of Cassiope tetragona all belong to subsp. tetragona, which is partially replaced by and partly sympatric with subsp. saximontana in northern Cordilleran areas of western Canada, Alaska, Montana, and Washington. The latter differs in pedicel length relative to leaf length and the length of the corolla.
Arctic white heather has traditionally been used by the Inuit for lighting fires. Some Inuit call it itsutit, meaning “fuel for the fire,” plantiksutit, or qijuktaat, meaning “wood fetched.” The flowers are said to taste awful (I. Ootoova et al. 2001).
The subspecies of Cassiope tetragona can generally be distinguished by the characters in the following key. The ranges overlap in Alaska and Yukon, and some collections from this region may prove problematic to assign to either subspecies.
|1||Pedicels extending beyond branch tips, 10+ mm, usually 3+ times leaf length, elongating in fruit; corollas 6-10 mm.||Cassiope tetragona subsp. tetragona|
|1||Pedicels not extending beyond branch tips, to 8 mm, usually to 3 times leaf length, not elongating in fruit; corollas 4-6 mm.||Cassiope tetragona subsp. saximontana|
|Author||Gary D. Wallace +|
|Authority||(Linnaeus) D. Don +|
|Basionyms||Andromeda tetragona +|
|Common name||Arctic white heather +|
|Distribution||n North America + and Eurasia. +|
|Illustration copyright||Flora of North America Association +|
|Illustrator||Yevonn Wilson-Ramsey +|
|Publication title||Edinburgh New Philos. J. +|
|Publication year||2002 +|
|Source xml||https://firstname.lastname@example.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V8/V8 879.xml +|
|Synonyms||Undefined tribe Cassiopeae +|
|Taxon family||Ericaceae +|
|Taxon name||Cassiope tetragona +|
|Taxon parent||Cassiope +|
|Taxon rank||species +|
|Volume||Volume 8 +|