Chelidonium majus

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 505. 1753

IllustratedWeedyIntroduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Plants to 10 dm. Stems branching, ribbed. Leaves to 35 cm; petiole 2-10 cm; blade deeply 5-9-lobed; margins irregularly dentate or crenate, rarely laciniate. Inflorescences: peduncle 2-10 cm. Flowers: pedicels 5-35 mm; sepals to 1 cm; petals bright yellow, obovate to oblong, to 2 cm wide; style ca. 1 mm. Capsules linear to narrowly oblong, 2-5 cm, glabrous. Seeds black, reticulate-pitted.

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Moist to dry woods, thickets, fields, hedgerows and fences, roadsides, railroads, and waste ground
Elevation: 0-1000 m

Distribution

V3 505-distribution-map.gif

B.C., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Conn., Del., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Eurasia.

Discussion

The irritating sap of Chelidonium has been used to treat warts. In the vegetative state, this weedy introduction from Eurasia is difficult to distinguish from the native Stylophorum diphyllum.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

Facts about "Chelidonium majus"
AuthorityLinnaeus +
DistributionB.C. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. + and Eurasia. +
Elevation0-1000 m +
HabitatMoist to dry woods, thickets, fields, hedgerows and fences, roadsides, railroads, and waste ground +
IllustrationPresent +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
Introducedtrue +
PhenologyFlowering spring–summer. +
Publication titleSp. Pl. +
Publication year1753 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xmlhttps://jpend@bitbucket.org/aafc-mbb/fna-data-curation.git/src/f50eec43f223ca0e34566be0b046453a0960e173/coarse grained fna xml/V3/V3 505.xml +
Special statusIllustrated +, Weedy + and Introduced +
Taxon familyPapaveraceae +
Taxon nameChelidonium majus +
Taxon parentChelidonium +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 3 +