Chelidonium majus

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 505. 1753

Selected by author to be illustratedWeedyIntroduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
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Illustrator: John Myers
Plants to 10 dm. Stems branching, ribbed. Leaves to 35 cm; petiole 2-10 cm; blade deeply 5-9-lobed; margins irregularly dentate or crenate, rarely laciniate. Inflorescences: peduncle 2-10 cm. Flowers: pedicels 5-35 mm; sepals to 1 cm; petals bright yellow, obovate to oblong, to 2 cm wide; style ca. 1 mm. Capsules linear to narrowly oblong, 2-5 cm, glabrous. Seeds black, reticulate-pitted.

Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Moist to dry woods, thickets, fields, hedgerows and fences, roadsides, railroads, and waste ground
Elevation: 0-1000 m

Distribution

V3 505-distribution-map.gif

B.C., N.B., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Conn., Del., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Eurasia.

Discussion

The irritating sap of Chelidonium has been used to treat warts. In the vegetative state, this weedy introduction from Eurasia is difficult to distinguish from the native Stylophorum diphyllum.

References

None.

Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.