Cinnamomum camphora

(Linnaeus) J. Presl in F. Berchtold & J. S. Presl

in F. Berchtold & J. S. Presl, Prir. Rostlin 2: 47. 1825

Common names: Camphor tree
Selected by author to be illustratedIntroduced
Basionyms: Laurus camphora Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 369. 1753
Synonyms: Camphora camphora (Linnaeus) H. Karsten
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.
Click plate for higher resolution version.
Illustrator: John Myers
Trees, to 15 m. Branches terete, glabrous, terminal and axillary buds covered by imbricate bracts, young twigs with clusters of scars from fallen bracts. Leaves alternate; petiole to 3 cm. Leaf blade ovate to elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, with (1-)3 primary veins, 7-12 × 3-5 cm, base rounded to cuneate, apex sharply acute; surfaces glabrous except for pubescent domatia in axils of main lateral veins. Flowers: tepals greenish white, 1-2 mm, glabrous abaxially, pubescent adaxially; stamens arranged in outer whorl of 6 (actually 2 whorls of 3) and inner whorl of 3. Drupe to 9 mm diam. 2n = 24.

Phenology: Flowering spring (Apr–May).
Habitat: Moist subtropical areas, including the Gulf Coast
Elevation: 0-150 m


V3 19-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Miss., Fla., Ga., La., N.C., S.C., Tex., native, e Asia.


Cinnamomum camphora is naturalized locally in the flora. Its crushed leaves have a strong smell of camphor. This species yields commercial camphor.

The name Cinnamomum camphora (Linnaeus) T. Nees & C. H. Ebermaier is nomenclaturally invalid.



Lower Taxa

No lower taxa listed.

Facts about "Cinnamomum camphora"
AuthorHenk var der Werff +
Authority(Linnaeus) J. Presl in F. Berchtold & J. S. Presl +
BasionymsLaurus camphora +
Common nameCamphor tree +
DistributionAla. +, Miss. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, native + and e Asia. +
Elevation0-150 m +
HabitatMoist subtropical areas, including the Gulf Coast +
IllustratorJohn Myers +
Introducedtrue +
PhenologyFlowering spring (Apr–May). +
Publication titlein F. Berchtold & J. S. Presl, Prir. Rostlin +
Publication year1825 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V3/V3 19.xml +
Special statusSelected by author to be illustrated + and Introduced +
SynonymsCamphora camphora +
Taxon familyLauraceae +
Taxon nameCinnamomum camphora +
Taxon parentCinnamomum +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 3 +