Clematis viorna

Linnaeus
Sp. Pl. 1: 543. 1753.
Common names: Leather-flower
EndemicIllustrated
Synonyms: Clematis beadlei (Small) R. O. Erickson Clematis viorna var. flaccida (Small ex Rydberg) R. O. Erickson Viorna beadlei (Small ex Rydberg) Small Viorna flaccida Small Viorna gattingeri (Linnaeus) Small Viorna viorna
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Stems viny, to 4 m, without cobwebby pubescence, nearly glabrous, or moderately pilose-pubescent proximal to nodes. Leaf blade mostly 1-pinnate, some simple; leaflets usually 4-8 plus additional tendril-like terminal leaflet, lanceolate to ovate, unlobed or 2-3-lobed, or most proximal 3-foliolate, 2-12 × 1-5(-6) cm, thin, not conspicuously reticulate; surfaces abaxially sparsely to densely pilose, not glaucous. Inflorescences axillary, 1-7-flowered; bracts well above base of peduncle/pedicel. Flowers broadly urn-shaped to bell-shaped; sepals pale lavender to reddish purple, grading to cream-yellow toward tip, ovate-lanceolate, 1.5-3 cm, margins not expanded, very thick, not crispate, tomentose, tips acuminate, recurved, abaxially sparsely to densely pubescent. Achenes: bodies silky-pubescent; beak 2.5-6 cm, plumose. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Wooded cliffs and stream banks
Elevation: 0-1400 m

Distribution

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Ala., Ark., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Md., Miss., Mo., N.C., Ohio, Pa., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Formerly Clematis viorna was locally naturalized near Guelph, Ontario; no recent reports are known. D.S. Correll and M.C. Johnston (1970) mention "a report of a specimen" from Texas; neither the specimen nor further details have been located.

The Fox Indians prepared a drink from the roots of Clematis viorna to use medicinally as a panacea (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Clematis viorna"
James S. Pringle +
Linnaeus +
Undefined subg. Viorna +
Leather-flower +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, Md. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
0-1400 m +
Wooded cliffs and stream banks +
Flowering spring–summer. +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
Clematis beadlei +, Clematis viorna var. flaccida +, Viorna beadlei +, Viorna flaccida +, Viorna gattingeri +  and Viorna viorna +
Clematis viorna +
Clematis subg. Viorna +
species +