Conicosia pugioniformis

(Linnaeus) N. E. Brown in E. P. Phillips
in E. P. Phillips, Gen. S. Afr. Fl. Pl., 247. 1926.
Common names: Pigroot
IntroducedIllustrated
Basionyms: Mesembryanthemum pugioniforme Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 488. 1753
Synonyms: Conicosia capitata (Haworth) Sc hwantes Mesembryanthemum capitatum Haworth
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 88. Mentioned on page 85.

Plants perennial. Roots single, to 30 × 1–2.5 cm. Leaves: cauline leaves scattered, crowded toward end of stems; blade gray-green, grooved or flat adaxially, 15–20 × 0.5–2 cm, apex acute, glabrous. Inflorescences: peduncle to 12 cm. Flowers lasting 2–4 days, 5–9 cm diam.; petals 200–250, in concentric rows, shining yellow; stamens to 10 mm; ovary 10–20-loculed. Seeds 75–200, dark brown, 1–1.8 mm, ca. 25% located within paired pockets. 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering spring–fall.
Habitat: Sandy places, especially coastal dunes
Elevation: 0-100 m

Distribution

V4 181-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Calif., Africa.

Discussion

In California floras, Herrea elongata (Haworth) L. Bolus and Mesembryanthemum elongatum Haworth have been misapplied to Conicosia pugioniformis.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Conicosia pugioniformis"
John E. Bleck +
(Linnaeus) N. E. Brown in E. P. Phillips +
Mesembryanthemum pugioniforme +
Pigroot +
Calif. +  and Africa. +
0-100 m +
Sandy places, especially coastal dunes +
Flowering spring–fall. +
in E. P. Phillips, Gen. S. Afr. Fl. Pl., +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
Conicosia capitata +  and Mesembryanthemum capitatum +
Conicosia pugioniformis +
Conicosia +
species +