Corallorhiza mertensiana


Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 2: 165. 1832

Common names: Merten’s coral-root western coral-root
Synonyms: Corallorhiza maculata subsp. mertensiana (Bongard) Calder & Roy L. Taylor Corallorhiza purpurea L. O. Williams
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 638. Mentioned on page 633.
Stems ± strongly thickened, base not bulbous. Inflorescences: racemes dense, 35–65 × 1.5–4 cm. Flowers 8–35, showy; perianth open; sepals reddish purple, sometimes yellowish near base, or completely yellow, lanceolate, 3-veined, 6–12 mm; dorsal sepal arching over column, nearly adhering to it; lateral sepals strongly spreading; petals arching over column, connivent with dorsal sepal, often yellowish basally, and streaked with purple, or completely yellow suffused with purple toward apex; lip red-purple, white, or white with purple streaks or spots, narrowly obovate, 4.8–9.5 × 2.5–5 mm, thin, usually with small (0.7 mm) tooth on each side, margins undulate-denticulate; column curved somewhat toward lip, yellow, often flushed with purple or white basally, and streaked or spotted with purple, 5–8.2 mm; ovary 5.9–10 mm; mentum prominent, protruding backward along ovary but free from it. Capsules ellipsoid, 10–25 × 6–9 mm. 2n = 40.

Phenology: Flowering late spring–summer.
Habitat: Moist to dry coniferous and mixed woods
Elevation: 0–2300 m


V26 1310-distribution-map.jpg

Alta., B.C., Alaska, Calif., Idaho, Mont., Oreg., Wash., Wyo.


In the Pacific Northwest Corallorhiza mertensiana is largely sympatric with C. maculata and occasionally intergrades with it. It frequently forms large clumps.

Selected References


Lower Taxa


AuthorLawrence K. Magrath + and John V. Freudenstein +
AuthorityBongard +
Common nameMerten’s coral-root + and western coral-root +
DistributionAlta. +, B.C. +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Oreg. +, Wash. + and Wyo. +
Elevation0–2300 m +
HabitatMoist to dry coniferous and mixed woods +
Illustration copyrightFlora of North America Association +
IllustratorBarbara Alongi +
PhenologyFlowering late spring–summer. +
Publication titleMém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Pétersbourg, Sér. +
Publication year1832 +
ReferenceNone +
Source xml grained fna xml/V26/V26 1310.xml +
SynonymsCorallorhiza maculata subsp. mertensiana + and Corallorhiza purpurea +
Taxon familyOrchidaceae +
Taxon nameCorallorhiza mertensiana +
Taxon parentCorallorhiza +
Taxon rankspecies +
VolumeVolume 26 +