Cyrtomnium hymenophyllum

(Bruch & Schimper) Holmen

Bryologist 60: 138. 1957.

Basionym: Mnium hymenophyllum Bruch & Schimper Bryol. Europ. 4: 207, plate 400. 1846
Synonyms: Cinclidium hymenophyllum (Bruch & Schimper) Lindberg
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 221. Mentioned on page 220.

Plants 2–7(–20) cm. Stems erect, simple or branched distally; micronemata absent. Leaves not or lightly crisped when dry, 1.5–2(–2.5) mm; base long-decurrent; apex obtuse, acute, or rarely rounded, rarely short-apiculate; costa subpercurrent or rarely percurrent; medial laminal cells (25–)30–35(–40) µm; marginal cells short-linear or occasionally rhomboidal, in 1 (or 2) rows. Capsule arcuate; exostome lamellae 25–40. Spores 15–25 µm.

Phenology: Capsules mature summer.
Habitat: Wet, calcareous, peaty habitats, rich fens, drainage slopes with percolating water
Elevation: low to moderate elevations


V28 352-distribution-map.gif

Greenland, B.C., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., Nunavut, Que., Yukon, Alaska, Eurasia.


Cyrtomnium hymenophyllum often grows in pure stands in circumarctic and subarctic regions, in far northern North America, central west and central east Greenland, Europe, and Asia. It is readily recognized in the field by flat, bluish green leaves that are appressed against the dark brown stems. Plants growing in less optimal dry tundra are shorter and usually not matted together. The leaves are strongly heterophyllous, reflecting periods of fast and slow growth. Female plants are common throughout the range, and male plants occur more widely than those of C. hymenophylloides. Sporophytes are rare and have only been found in the Yukon (D. H. Vitt and D. G. Horton 1979), Northwest Territories, and British Columbia.

Lower Taxa

... more about "Cyrtomnium hymenophyllum"
Norton G. Miller† +  and Gert Steen Mogensen +
(Bruch & Schimper) Holmen +
Mnium hymenophyllum +
Greenland +, B.C. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, Nunavut +, Que. +, Yukon +, Alaska +  and Eurasia. +
low to moderate elevations +
Wet, calcareous, peaty habitats, rich fens, drainage slopes with percolating water +
Capsules mature summer. +
holmen1957a +
Illustrated +
Cinclidium hymenophyllum +
Cyrtomnium hymenophyllum +
Cyrtomnium +
species +