Coroll. Bryol. Eur., 13. 1856,
Phenology: Capsules mature spring and summer.
Habitat: Soil of shaded banks, especially along woodland trails, and soil covering upturned roots
Elevation: low to high elevations
Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Alaska, Ark., Calif., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Central America (Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama), South America (Colombia), Europe, Asia (China, e Himalayas, Japan), Atlantic Islands (Canary Islands, Madeira), n, e Africa.
Dicranella heteromalla is a common species recognized by suberect, obliquely furrowed capsules tapered toward the base and oblique at the mouth. The leaf margins are distinctly toothed above the middle. Reports for Oklahoma are by B. D. Mahler and W. F. Mahler (1980) and from Texas by E. Whitehouse and F. McAllister (1954).