Dryopteris carthusiana

(Villars) H. P. Fuchs
Bull. Soc. Bot. France 105: 339. 1959.
Common names: Spinulose wood fern toothed wood fern dryoptère de cartheuser
Basionym: Polypodium carthusianum Villars Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 1: 292. 1786
Synonyms: Dryopteris austriaca var. spinulosa (O. F. Mueller) Fiori Dryopteris spinulosa (O. F. Mueller) Watt Polypodium spinulosum O. F. Mueller
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Leaves monomorphic, dying in winter, 15–75 × 10–30 cm. Petiole 1/4–1/3 length of leaf, scaly at least at base; scales scattered, tan. Blade light green, ovate-lanceolate, 2–3-pinnate-pinnatifid, herbaceous, not glandular. Pinnae ± in plane of blade, lance-oblong; basal pinnae lanceolate-deltate, slightly reduced, basal pinnules usually longer than adjacent pinnules, basal basiscopic pinnule longer than basal acroscopic pinnule; pinnule margins serrate, teeth spiny. Sori midway between midvein and margin of segments. Indusia lacking glands. 2n = 164.


Habitat: Swampy woods, moist wooded slopes, stream banks, and conifer plantations
Elevation: 0–1200 m

Distribution

V2 507-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Ark., Conn., Del., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Eurasia.

Discussion

Dryopteris carthusiana is tetraploid. Dryopteris intermedia is one parent, as indicated by chromosome pairing in their hybrid D. × triploidea Wherry. The other parent is the hypothetical missing ancestral species " D. semicristata " (see discussion for D. cristata). Dryopteris carthusiana hybridizes with five species; hybrids can be separated from D. intermedia by the lack of glandular hairs and by having 2-pinnate leaves.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Dryopteris carthusiana"
James D. Montgomery +  and Warren H. Wagner Jr. +
(Villars) H. P. Fuchs +
Polypodium carthusianum +
Spinulose wood fern +, toothed wood fern +  and dryoptère de cartheuser +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +  and Eurasia. +
0–1200 m +
Swampy woods, moist wooded slopes, stream banks, and conifer plantations +
Bull. Soc. Bot. France +
Dryopteris austriaca var. spinulosa +, Dryopteris spinulosa +  and Polypodium spinulosum +
Dryopteris carthusiana +
Dryopteris +
species +