Epixiphium wislizeni

(Engelmann ex A. Gray) Munz

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 15: 380. 1926.

Common names: Sand snapdragon
Basionym: Maurandya wislizeni Engelmann ex A. Gray in W. H. Emory, Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 111. 1859
Synonyms: Asarina wislizeni (Engelmann ex A. Gray) Pennell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 21. Mentioned on page 19.

Annuals 30–120 cm, vines. Leaves: petiole 14–54 mm; blade hastate to broadly sagittate, 21–75 × 8–48 mm, surfaces glabrous. Pedicels ascending, 3–9 mm, thickened in fruit. Flowers: sepals 13–18 × 2–4 mm, basally keeled, membranous in flower, 20–32 × 8–12 mm, indurate in fruit; corolla tube 17–22 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy, throat open, palate not inflated, abaxial plicae white spotted with blue or violet, lobes: abaxial reflexed, adaxial erect, equal, 7–12 mm; stamens included, filaments incurved, hairy at base, abaxial 11–13 mm, adaxial 13–15 mm, pollen sacs oblong; ovary glabrous, locules subequal; style included, 13–15 mm, indurate in fruit, stigma recurved. Capsules ovoid, compressed apically, 11–15 mm, indurate. Seeds 3–4 mm, surface tuberculate, circumalate. 2n = 24.

Phenology: Flowering Apr–Nov.
Habitat: Active and stabilized siliceous and gypseous dunes and sandy soils.
Elevation: 1100–2100 m.


Ariz., Calif., N.Mex., Tex., Mexico (Chihuahua).


Epixiphium wislizeni is easily identified in fruit and by its occurrence on unconsolidated, sandy soils. When vegetative or in flower, it resembles Maurandella antirrhiniflora. In Texas, E. wislizeni is known from the trans-Pecos region.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Epixiphium wislizeni"
Wayne J. Elisens +
(Engelmann ex A. Gray) Munz +
Maurandya wislizeni +
Sand snapdragon +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, N.Mex. +, Tex. +  and Mexico (Chihuahua). +
1100–2100 m. +
Active and stabilized siliceous and gypseous dunes and sandy soils. +
Flowering Apr–Nov. +
Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. +
Illustrated +
Asarina wislizeni +
Epixiphium wislizeni +
Epixiphium +
species +